Exam 4 review

Exam 4 review - Psychological Disorders What defines a...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychological Disorders What defines a psychological disorder - A pattern of behavior can be considered a psychological disorder if it satisfies three conditions: 1. DISTRESS: the person experiences significant pain or distress, and inability to work or play, an increased risk of death, or a loss of freedom in important areas of life; 2.DYSFUNCTIONAL: the sources of the problem resides within the person, due to biological factors, learned habits, or mental processes, and is not simply a normal response to specific life events such as death of a loved one; 3.DEVIANT: the problem is not a deliberate reaction to conditions such as poverty, prejudice, and government policy, or other conflicts with society DSM-IV- places disorders in one of 2 diagnostic classifications or axes Axis 1- primary diagnosis of the disorder; major clinical syndromes, or clusters of related symptoms that cause significant impairment; anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia; develop after adolescence, can wax and wane, not always permanent; something that has been imposed on a persons behavior; viewed by people suffering them as inconsistent with their personality Axis 2- personality disorder and mental retardation; more chronic, more difficult to treat than axis 1; viewed as consistent with an individual’s personality, they are simply part of the person Axis 3 - medical conditions that might affect the individual’s psychological disorder; some sort of medical condition that might be related to something like depression (brain damage from car accident) Axis 4 - recent social and environmental sources of stress in the person’s life; what sort of things have gone on that might make these problems worse (loss of job because of brain damage, marriage falling apart because depressed) -Marjorie is mired in misery. To make matters worse, she missed the renewal deadline on her metro apartment and is now being evicted. AXIS 4! Axis 5 - current level of functioning and highest level of functioning in the past year Prevalence- about half of adults will suffer from at least one psychological disorder in their lifetime and more than half of these adults will suffer from 2 or more disorders, known as comorbidity Criticisms - reinforces disease model, power of the label where people no longer see the individual; American Psychiatric Association says we should label the behavior and not the person and use people first language Rosenhan study - him and friends faked symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia in order to be admitted to a psychiatric hospital, then abandoned those symptoms and acted normally; no one noticed that they were sane and faking the disorder, no one visited; concluded that psychiatric hospitals are store houses for people who don’t want to be dealt with; went back and looked at their medical records and everything that they did was seen as a symptom of the psychiatric disorder Thomas Szaz - mental illness as a myth; normal reactions to the craziness of our society, just sort of a natural response, use it as a label; people think psychological
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at Wisconsin.

Page1 / 13

Exam 4 review - Psychological Disorders What defines a...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online