Lecture 14 - 03:12 TreatmentsofSchizophrenia

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03:12 Treatments of Schizophrenia  Psychosurgery- prefrontal lobotomy, Moniz Antipsychotics- eventually became the treatment of choice worked on DA, blocking dopamine receptors in the brain Side effects- pseudo-parkinsonian symptoms, movement disorder associated with not  having enough dopamine Tardive dyskinesia- result of chronic blockade of dopamine receptors, leads to facial  ticks, tongue rolling, irreversible condition, 10-30% of people suffer from this  Mood disorders Major depression Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) Bipolar disorder Suicide  Major Depression Symptoms Depressed mood- overwhelming sadness Loss of interest, energy, and motivation Disturbances in/loss of sleep, eating, weight, concentration Feeling of guilt, worthlessness, death and suicide (solution) 10 times more common now than it was 50 years ago
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Incidence rate-  12.7% men and 21.3% women Some will only have one episode, but 50-60% of people will have a recurrence 80% of people never receive treatment, 15% commit suicide Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Individual becomes depressed at a specific time of year every year Winter type is more common Not common along the equator, has to do with levels of melatonin Increased time spent sleeping, gain weight, crave carbohydrates Treated with bright light Phase shift hypothesis Bipolar Disorder Characterized by periods of mania alternating with depression Mania- manic episodes, can last days to weeks Elevated, expansive, or irritable mood Hyperactivity, decreased need for sleep, grandiosity Racing thoughts, pressured speech, reckless behavior Being reckless with finances, may spend a lot of money because they have big ideas  that they think will work out for them Lifetime prevalence 1% for both males and females 89% of people will have recurrences
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Suicide 200,000- 600,000 will attempt suicide in the US 10-20 attempts for every completed suicide More than 33,000 completions Alcohol plays a large roll 10 th  leading cause of death among adults Suicide in children has increase over the past few years
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PSYCH 202 taught by Professor Roberts during the Fall '06 term at Wisconsin.

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Lecture 14 - 03:12 TreatmentsofSchizophrenia

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