Psych Disorders study Guide

Psych Disorders study Guide - One year prevalence rates o...

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One year prevalence rates o 26.2% of adults suffer from a diagnosable disorder each year Any anxiety disorder 18.1% Any mood disorder 9.5% Schizophrenia 1.1% o Source: Kessler et al. (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Archives of General Psychiatry, 2005 Jun;62(6):617-27. Not that reliable- not diagnosed but community samples, people who consider themselves as having the disorder One year prevalence rates for children o 20.9% of children have any disorder in a given year Anxiety 13.0% Mood disorders 6.2% Disruptive disorders 10.3% Substance abuse 2.0% o Source: Surgeon General’s report on Mental Illness (1999) Incidence Rates of Common Psychological Disorders Types of disorder Men Women Anxiety 19% 31% Depression 15% 24% Substance Abuse 35% 18% Schizophrenia 0.6% 0.8% Antisocial Personality 6% 1% Sociocultural experience of men and women that plays large role in different types of disorders, girls are brough up asking how do you feel and men are told not to share feelings- boys are told not to share feelings, women have more emotional disorders, men have more substance abuse issues Explaining Psychological Disorders - Why do people develop psychological disorders? Not one single thing that causes psychological disorder o Chemical imbalances o Early childhood experiences o Environmental factors, e.g., stress o Distorted thought processes o Genetics o People with pyscholgoical disorders are thought to be more creative What defines a psychological disorder: o Must satisfy all 3 conditions: (distress, deviant, dysfunctional) 1) Significant pain or distress, an inability to work or play, or increased risk of death, or a loss of freedom in important areas of life DISTRESS 2) Sources of the problem resides within person, due to biological factors, learned habits or metal processes, and is not normal response to specific life events like death of loved one
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DYSFUNCTIONAL 3) Is not deliberate reaction to conditions such as poverty, prejudice, government policy, of other conflicts with society DEVIANT Prevelance: 50% of poeople will be diagnosed with some sort if psychological disorder during their lifetime , ½ of those will suffer from at least two, 26.2% of adults suffer each year, 20.9 % of children a year, DSM-IV – come up with plan for insrucane improtnat o Major diagnosing tool- places disorders in one of two diagnostic classifications o Axis 1: major clinical syndromes or cluster related symptoms that cause significant impairment: anxiety, depression, bi-polar and schizophrenia, eating disorderm mood disorders, inconsistent with their personality and cause subjective stress something imposed on persons personality, developed after adolescence o Axis II: personality disorders and mental retardation which tend to appear in childhood or adolescence and are more difficult to treat , consistent
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Psych Disorders study Guide - One year prevalence rates o...

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