Lecture 17

Lecture 17 - 03:03 Review CareandHousework Whodoeswhat?...

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03:03 Review Care and Housework Who does what? Second shift? Understanding gender division of household labor Power and authority Self-reinforcing mechanisms Strategies of coming to terms with inequality “family myths” Preview Elderly and grandparenting Rise of grandparents Living arrangements Care arrangements Grandparenting Widowhood effect Rise of Grandparenting Grandparenting emerged as mass phenomenon only since WWII
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In 1900 less than 25% of newborns had four living grandparents, and 20% or 30 year  olds had any living grandparents In 2000, more than 66% of newborns had 4 living grandparents, and more than 75% of  30 yeah olds had any living grandparents For the first time, most grandchildren and grandparents knew each other Women live 1 to 2 years more than men People at birth are expected to live 80 years Living Arrangements Increase in single living among elderly since mid-century 1940-50- less that 10% live alone 2000- males 20% live alone, females 40% live alone Reasons Cultural: strong preference for independence Economic: because they can (increase standard of living) Demographic: increasing gender difference in life expectancy Reasons for Rise of Grandparenting Mortality decline Increased life expectancy (+ ”good years”) Gender and race differences Fertility decline Smaller sibship, emphasizes vertical kinship
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Youngest child leaves home earlier, frees up grandparents time Standard of Living Standard of living had increased for elderly Social security benefits Medicare for almost all elderly (doesn’t pay for nursing home) Medicaid for poor (of any age) Poverty among elderly Less than most people think Male= 7%, female= 12% Elder Care
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Lecture 17 - 03:03 Review CareandHousework Whodoeswhat?...

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