test 4 with plates

test 4 with plates - THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (includes Drills...

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100 THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (includes Drills #105-112)
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101 Plate 10
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102 The Endocrine System (from Greek endon = within + krinein = to secrete) consists of various glands which produce secretions called hormones (from Greek hormaein = to urge on) that have an affect on the body. The hormones are secreted into the blood stream where they are transported through the body by means of the circulatory system. The glands that are included in the endocrine system are: 1) pituitary (hypophysis cerebri) 2) thyroid 3) parathyroid 4) adrenals (suprarenals) 5) islets of langerhans (pancreas) 6) gonads (ovaries and testes) The endocrine system is largely responsible for the integration of the other systems of the body and for the body's responses to its environment. This quality is shared with the nervous system, however, the nervous system communicates directly to the body by means of nerve fibers, whereas glandular secretions depend on the slower process of circulating blood.
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103 Some Important Combining Forms for the Endocrine System acid (i/o) Latin acidum = acid aden/o Greek ad ē n = gland adren/o Latin ad + ren = to the kidney(s) bol/o Greek ballein = to throw cortic (i/o) Latin cortex = rind, outer layer dips/o Greek dipsa = thirst endocrin/o Greek endon + krinein = to secrete within gigant/o Greek gigas, gigantos = giant gonad/o Greek gonos = procreation, genitals glyc/o Greek gleukos (Latin glucosum ) = sugar hormon/o Greek hormaein = to urge on libid/o Latin libido = desire lute/o, lutein/i Latin luteus = yellow men/o Greek m ē n, m ē nos = month (refers to a woman's menstrual cycle) myx/o Greek muxa = mucus nephr/o Greek nephros = kidney pancreat/o Green pan = all + kreas = flesh = pancreas ren/o Latin ren = kidney somat/o, som- Greek s ō ma, s ō mata = body troph/o Greek trophos = nourishment
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104 THE GLANDS The pituitary (from Latin pituita = phlegm) gland, also called the hypophysis (from Greek phusis = growth), is a pea-sized organ located in the hypophyseal fossa (from Latin fossa = a furrow or shallow depression) and attached to the base of the brain by a stalk called the infundibulum (from Latin infundibulum = funnel). It secretes hormones which regulate many bodily processes including growth, reproduction, and various metabolic activities, and is sometimes referred to as the "master gland" of the body. The adrenal gland (Latin ad = toward + renalis = kidney) is adjacent to and covering the superior surface of each kidney. The adrenal glands (also called the suprarenals) consist of an outer cortex (Latin, rind) and an inner medulla (Latin, marrow). The cortex secretes a group of hormones, which effect protein, carbohydrate, and fat metabolism. They are important anti-inflammatory agents and they allow the body to prepare for occurrences of stress, whether emotional or physical. The medulla produces the hormones epinephrine (adrenalin) and norepinephrine (a vasoconstrictor). Epinephrine induces reactions, which adapt the organism to meet emergency situations. The thyroid
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course CLAS 230 taught by Professor Dr.hamby during the Spring '12 term at South Carolina.

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test 4 with plates - THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM (includes Drills...

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