PSYC 226 Ch 1, 1.13.12

PSYC 226 Ch 1, 1.13.12 - Research Methods PSYC 226 The...

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Research Methods PSYC 226
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The Scientific Method Formulate a specific question Systematically working to find answers Combines methods of acquiring knowledge
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Example of the Scientific Method Step 1: Observe a behavior Examples? Can be structured or casual/informal Children who play violent games seem aggressive
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Example of the Scientific Method Step 2: Develop a hypothesis Hypothesis: a statement that describes or explains a relationship between variables Variables: characteristics that change or have different values for different individuals Maybe the pretend violence makes children want to do violent things in real life
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Example of the Scientific Method Step 3: Make a testable prediction If it’s not testable, it is not a hypothesis! Child will act more aggressively after playing a violent video game than children who play a nonviolent video game
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Example of the Scientific Method Step 4: Observe behavior Have children play a violent or nonviolent video game, then create an opportunity for them to act aggressively (i.e. hitting a doll) Count how many times each child hits the doll
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Example of the Scientific Method Step 5: Use data to evaluate hypothesis The hypothesis is supported when the children in the violent video game group hit the doll significantly more than the children in the other group What are some ideas for a follow-up study?
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The Scientific Method Uses Induction and Deduction Induction aka Inductive Reasoning: Using a small set of specific observations to make broader
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course PYSC 226 taught by Professor Levens during the Spring '09 term at South Carolina.

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PSYC 226 Ch 1, 1.13.12 - Research Methods PSYC 226 The...

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