Lect19_1005 - Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman won the...

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Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman won the 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery of quasicrystals
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Ch. 6 - 2 1. Organic Halides Halogens are more electronegative than carbon C X X = Cl, Br, I
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Ch. 6 - 3 C–X Bond Length (Å) 1.39 1.78 1.93 2.14 C–X Bond Strength (kJ/mol) 472 350 293 239 Carbon Carbon - - Halogen Bond Lengths Halogen Bond Lengths and Bond Strength and Bond Strength increase decrease
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Ch. 6 - 4 1A. 1A. Physical Properties of Organic Halides: Physical Properties of Organic Halides: Boiling Point ( Boiling Point ( bp/ bp/ o C C ) )
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Ch. 6 - 5 Physical Properties of Organic Halides: Physical Properties of Organic Halides: Density ( Density ( ) )
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Ch. 6 - 6 The Nu donates an e pair to the substrate The bond between C and X breaks, giving both e from the bond to X The Nu uses its e pair to form a new covalent bond with the substrate C The X gains the pair of e originally bonded in the substrate 2. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions
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Ch. 6 - 7
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Lect19_1005 - Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman won the...

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