Lect32_1107 - Chapter 11 Alcohols & Ethers Ch. 11 - 1 1....

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Ch. 11 - 1 Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Alcohols & Ethers Alcohols & Ethers
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Ch. 11 - 2 1. Structure & Nomenclature Alcohols have a hydroxyl (–OH) group bonded to a saturated carbon atom (sp 3 hybridized) 1 o 2 o 3 o Ethanol 2-Propanol (isopropyl alcohol) 2-Methyl- 2-propanol (tert-butyl alcohol)
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Ch. 11 - 3 1A. 1A. Nomenclature of Alcohols Nomenclature of Alcohols Rules of naming alcohols Identify the longest carbon chain that includes the carbon to which the –OH group is attached Use the lowest number for the carbon to which the –OH group is attached Alcohol as parent (suffix) ending with “ ol
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Ch. 11 - 4 1B. 1B. Nomenclature of Ethers Nomenclature of Ethers Rules of naming ethers Similar to those with alkyl halides CH 3 O– Methoxy CH 3 CH 2 O– Ethoxy Example O Ethoxy ethane (diethyl ether)
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Ch. 11 - 5 2. Physical Properties of Alcohols and Ethers Ethers have boiling points that are roughly comparable with those of hydrocarbons of the same molecular weight (MW) Alcohols have much higher boiling points than comparable ethers or hydrocarbons
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Ch. 11 - 6
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2012 for the course CHEM 333 taught by Professor Lavigne during the Fall '09 term at South Carolina.

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Lect32_1107 - Chapter 11 Alcohols & Ethers Ch. 11 - 1 1....

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