LECTURE%201%20ELEMENTS%20-%20CLASS

LECTURE%201%20ELEMENTS%20-%20CLASS - ELEMENTS OF MUSIC 1 OF...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ELEMENTS OF MUSIC 1 OF MUSIC= the organization of sound in time SOUND = a vibration of a physical medium perceived by the ear VIBRATIONS produce waves WAVES can be represented by a sine curve FREQUENCY = WAVE LENGH = Speed of vibration Shorter wave length = higher frequency Longer wave length = lower frequency AMPLITUDE = wave height CATEGORIES OF SOUND NOISE = irregular vibrations TONE = regular vibrations Drums etc Pianos etc
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHARACTERISTICS OF TONE 1.PITCH - relates to frequency - high and low notes etc measured in cycles per second - cps or hertz Middle C = 256 cps or 256 hertz INTERVAL = the distance between notes 5ths, 4ths, 2nd, etc OCTAVE = 8th- special interval called by same letter name A note is an octave higher than another note if it is twice the frequency A note is an octave lower than another note if it is half the frequency A=880 cps or hertz A=440 cps or hertz A=220 cps or hertz A=110 cps or hertz Consonance - when note blend well Dissonance - when notes clash Different music has various degrees of c o n s a e d i INTERVALS The distances between any two pitches is called an interval . Octave- the most important and curious interval. Octaves are produced by doubling or cutting in half the frequency of any given pitch. The same pitch class names are given to octaves - for example A=440 hertz or cps (cycles per second) there is also the note A=880 hertz that is 1 octave higher, and a note A=220 an octave lower. We hear these note as somehow equivalent but they have quite different frequencies. All music culture recognize this equivalence of the octave. Octave pitches are the same and different at the same time. Pythagoras discovered whole number ratios for consonant intervals. octave = 2:1 fifth = 3:2 fourth = 4:3 third = 5:4 PITCH RANGE = range from lowest to highest notes produced by an instrument or voice or piece of music REGISTER = area of general pitch - high, middle, low, etc
Background image of page 2
2. DYNAMICS = Loudness = Intensity relates to Amplitude higher amplitude =louder lower amplitude = softer Dynamic Marks f = forte = loud p = piano = soft Ω = mezzo = moderately F =mezzo forte = moderately loud P = mezzo piano = moderately soft ƒ = fortissimo = very loud π = pianissimo = very soft crescendo = gradually louder decrescendo or diminuendo = gradually softer 3. TONE COLOR =TIMBRE=Quality of sound refers to different sound- different instruments or voices caused by shape and material of instrument, means of vibration, and Overtones
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 18

LECTURE%201%20ELEMENTS%20-%20CLASS - ELEMENTS OF MUSIC 1 OF...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online