Intro to osteology

Intro to osteology - Nuchal Crest Mastoid process Ribcage...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–48. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to  Osteology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Osteology Osteo- bone Logos- study Development Structure Function Degeneration
Background image of page 2
Our osteological goals Recognize & identify major bones Vocabulary of bones Evolutionary change Forensic identification
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Function of the Skeleton Support Movement Factory Storehouse Protection
Background image of page 4
Skeletal  Integrity Articulated Disarticulated Commingled
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Joints Articulation between 2 + bones Movement Leverage Why?
Background image of page 6
How do they work? Tendon : bundle of collagen fibers muscle to bone Ligament : Cord/sheet of collagen fibers bone to bone
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Biceps origin
Background image of page 8
1. Synarthrosis (Fibrous) -immovable Gomphosis Syndesmosis Sutures
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2. Amphiarthrosis (Cartilaginous)-slight movement 1. Symphysis fibrocartilage 1. Synchondrosis cartilage Temporary growth plate
Background image of page 10
3. Diarthrosis (Synovial) Free-moving Synovial fluid Synovial Membrane Ligament Cartilage Femoral head Ligament Femur
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Classification of Bones 206 Location:
Background image of page 12
Anatomical Position
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Planes of the Body Sagittal Coronal Transverse
Background image of page 14
Medial Lateral Posterior Anterior Coronal plane Sagittal plane
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Superior Inferior Proximal Distal
Background image of page 16
Bone  Anatomy Epiphysis Diaphysis Proximal Distal
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Anterior View: major bones Frontal Maxilla Mandible Zygomatic
Background image of page 18
Lateral view: major bones Parietal Occipital Temporal Frontal Zygomatic Maxilla Mandible
Background image of page 19

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sutures Metopic Coronal Sagittal Lambdoidal
Background image of page 20
Supraorbital torus (brow ridge) H. heidelbergensis Orbital margin
Background image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Foramen magnum Superior
Background image of page 22
Background image of page 23

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 24
Background image of page 25

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 26
Background image of page 27

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 28
Background image of page 29

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 30
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Nuchal Crest Mastoid process Ribcage Sternum Ribs 12 Thorax articulation Posterior Anterior Vertebral Column 1. Supports upper body 2. Protects the spinal chord Movable Vertebrae = 24 Fixed Vertebrae = 10 Typical Vertebra Body Neural Arch Vertebral Foramen Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Articulated Atlas & Axis Shoulder Joint: Clavicle Scapula Humerus Anterior Supinated Pronated Radius Ulna Acetabulum Pubic Symphyseal Joint Ischium Ilium Parts of Innominate Ilium Pubis Ischium The hip bones connected to. The Femur (thighbone) Acetabulum Head Knee joint Anterior Posterior Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Ankle Joint (Left) Tibia Fibula Tarsals The Extremities Tarsals Carpals Metatarsals Phalanges Phalanges Metacarpals Dentition Dental Arcade Adult: 32 8 each quadrant Child: 20 5 each quadrant Dental Formula Quadrant Incisors: 2 Canine: 1 Premolar: 2 Molar: 3 Adult human 2.1.2.3 Tooth Anatomy Crown Neck Root Biting surfaces Incisal Occlusal Cusps Incisor Flat, Spade 1 root Canine Pointed, Tusk 1 root Premolar Double cusp 1-2 roots Molar Upper: 3 roots Lower: 2 roots Grinders Squarish occlusal surface Cusp 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 46+ 40-45 36-39 30-35 <30 Grade out of 50 points Student Count MIDTERM 1 Mean = 39 Median 40...
View Full Document

Page1 / 48

Intro to osteology - Nuchal Crest Mastoid process Ribcage...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 48. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online