Substance Abuse_jm_spr09_class

Substance Abuse_jm_spr09_class - SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS...

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Unformatted text preview: SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS Overview DSM-IV-TR criteria Physiological vs. Psychological Dependence Alcohol Causal and Treatment Paradigms Other substances of abuse Substance Use Disorders Substance Abuse Criteria are essentially psychological problems and maladaptive behavior Substance Dependence Criteria include tolerance, withdrawal, and compulsive use Substance Abuse : DSM-IV-TR Criteria Recurrent substance use resulting in problems at work, school, or home Recurrent substance use in physically hazardous situations (e.g., driving) Recurrent substance-related legal problems Continued use despite persistent/recurrent social/problems caused or exacerbated by the substances effects Substance Dependence : DSM-IV-TR Criteria Tolerance Withdrawal Ingestion of larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended Persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to cut down or control substance abuse Great deal of time spent to obtain, using it, or recovering from its effects Important work/social are reduced/given up because of substance use Continued use despite awareness of problems associated with use Physiological Dependence TOLERANCE Need to use more and more of the substance to obtain the desired effect WITHDRAWAL Physical symptoms that occur when a person stops or cuts down use of substance Psychological Dependence If a person does not have access to the substance, s/he might have unpleasant feelings , but will not experience physiological complications of withdrawal Withdrawal Alcohol Gender differences in use and dependence Heaviest drinking age group and highest abstaining age group Involved in nearly 1/2 of all accidental deaths, suicides, and homicides How Alcohol Affects the Central Nervous System Cerebellum Spinal Cord and Medulla Frontal Lobes Indicators and Influencers Most Common Indicators of Intoxication:...
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Substance Abuse_jm_spr09_class - SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS...

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