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abnormal lecture 2_jm_spr09_class

abnormal lecture 2_jm_spr09_class - Causes of Abnormal...

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Unformatted text preview: Causes of Abnormal Behavior Behavior Overview Overview Historical paradigms Factors associated with abnormal Factors behavior behavior Biological Biological Psychological Social Systems Theory Historical Paradigms Historical Biological Psychodynamic Cognitive Behavioral Cognitive Humanistic Biological Paradigm Biological John Haslam & General Paresis Tertiary Syphilis and the Central Tertiary Nervous System Nervous Can biological factors cause other Can forms of mental illness? forms Psychodynamic Paradigm Rooted in psychoanalytic Rooted theory theory 3 Subdivisions of Personality Id Ego Super-Ego Psychosexual Stages Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanisms Defense Newer Paradigms Newer Cognitive Behavioral Abnormal behavior is a product of learning, Abnormal and cognitive processes are important to learning learning Humanistic Humanistic Human behavior is determined by free will or Human choices that we make voluntarily choices Risk Factors Biological Psychological Social Systems (Biopsychosocial) Biological Factors Neuron and Neurotransmitters Brain Structures Psychophysiology Psychophysiology The Endocrine System Behavior Genetics Structure and function of the neuron neuron The Release of Neurotransmitters The Neurotransmitters Neurotransmitters Acetylcholine (ACh) Dopamine (DA) Schizophrenia Norepinephrine (NE) Alzheimer’s Disease Mood Disorders Serotonin (5-HT) Mood Disorders Eating Disorders Brain structures Brain Hindbrain Midbrain Forebrain ­medulla ­Reticular activating system ­Limbic system ­ pons ­cerebellum ­Cerebral hemispheres Endocrine System Endocrine Psychophysiology and psychopathology psychopathology Anatomic overactivity Anxiety Chronic underarousal Antisocial personality disorder Behavioral Genetics Behavioral Genes GENOTYPE PHENOTYPE Gene-environment interactions Many forms of behavioral abnormality, Many if related to genetics, are polygenic polygenic Methods of Studying Behavior Genetics Behavior Family incidence studies Twin Studies Adoption Studies Psychological factors Psychological Temperament Attachment Learning and cognition Stage theories Temperament Temperament Temperament- characteristic styles of characteristic relating to the world relating Emotional Reactivity Emotional Regulation Emotional Similar to Personality Temperament influences and interacts with Temperament the environment the Development of Personality Disorders Bowlby and Attachment Bowlby John Bowlby & Psychodynamic John Theory Theory Early Relationships are Early foundation for later relationships foundation Protective Factor Learning and Cognition Learning Modeling Social Cognition & Attribution Social Errors Errors Fundamental Attribution Error Hostile Attribution Bias Beck’s Cognitive Triad Classical & Operant Conditioning Role of conditioning for fear and anxiety Stage Theories Stage Freud’s psychosexual model Erikson’s psychosocial model Emphasizes sexuality in development through Emphasizes adolescence adolescence Emphasizes social interactional tasks through the life Emphasizes span span Psychopathology can occur during stressful Psychopathology developmental transitions developmental Freud and Erikson (cont.) Freud Social Factors Social Relationships and psychopathology Gender and gender roles Race and poverty Context of society’s values Systems Approach Systems An approach that An integrates evidence integrates from across biological, psychological, and social dimensions of behavior in explaining normal and abnormal psychology. psychology. Equifinality versus Multifinality Equifinality A B Psychopathology A C Disorder 1 Disorder 2 Disorder 3 Systems Theory Systems Multiple Risk Factors Reciprocal Causality Coercive Cycle Diathesis-Stress Model ...
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