DutchGoldenAge - Ms Susan M Pojer Ms Horace Greeley HS...

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Unformatted text preview: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Horace Greeley HS Horace Chappaqua, NY Chappaqua, The The Netherlands: The The “Low “Low Country” 17c: The “Dutch” Century 17c: It was a political model. A radical attitude towards religion radical in the country. in A certain level of religious certain toleration. toleration. Stable, thriving economy. “Golden Age” of artists and Golden thinkers. thinkers. Religion and everyday life were Religion recurring themes in their art. recurring Dutch Society Dutch Amsterdam, Rotterdam: granaries Amsterdam, with enough surplus for one year. with Generally higher salaries than in Generally any other parts of W. Europe. any Even women had higher wages. “Protestant work ethic.” Thrift and frugality. Had the highest standard of living Had in Europe! in View of Doerdrecht View Aelbert Cuyp, 1650s Oude Kerk [Old Church], Amsterdam Amsterdam First built in 1300. Interior of the Oude Kerk in Amsterdam - Emmanuel De Witt Amsterdam Emmanuel Catholic “Hidden” Church Catholic in the Attic, Amsterdam, 1630s Interior of a Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam – Emmanuel De Witte Amsterdam Emmanuel Portrait of an Old Jewish Man Portrait Rembrandt, 1654 Rembrandt, Beware of Luxury – Jan Steen Jan Beware “Genre” Painting Still Life with Gilt Goblet Still William Heda, 1635 “Genre” Painting Upper-class Homes, Amsterdam Upper-class Early 1600s Patrician Houses Along the Canal in Leiden Canal The Burgher of Delft & His The Daughter – Jan Steen The Leiden Baker & His Wife The Jan Steen A Young Woman with a Water Jug Young Jan Vermeer, 1662 Jan Girl with a Pearl Earring Girl Jan Vermeer, 1665 The Dutch Economy The Exported diamonds, linens, pottery. Not much inflation. Great Dutch land reclamation Great project was accelerated during this time. time. Masters of the “carrying trade” Masters “carrying (lowest shipping rates in Europe). (lowest 17c Dutch Global Commerce 17c Dutch East India Ship, mid-17c mid-17c Return of the Dutch East India Return Fleet, 1599 Amsterdam Stock Market (Bourse) Amsterdam Emmanuel De Witte, 1653 Jewish refugees helped found it in 1602. Sampling Officials of the Drapers Guild – Rembrandt - 1662 Guild Rembrandt The Lace Maker The Nicolaes Maes The Lace Maker The Jan Vermeer, 1669-1670 The Account Keeper The Nicolaes Maes, 1656 A Woman Holding a Balance Woman Jan Vermeer, 1662 View of Delft View Jan Vermeer, 1660-1661 Dutch Dutch Delftware English Delftware Dutch West India Dutch Company, 1621 Company, 1621 Netherland Antilles 18c Delftware Tobacco Jars 18c Fort Orange (Albany, NY) (Albany, in New Netherlands New Amsterdam (NYC) New Settled in 1624. Official Flag of the Official of the City of NY. NYC Seal New Amsterdam (NYC) New Early 20c Dutch Revival Building in NYC. Dutch East India Company, 1602 1602 “Africa” Center Panel Jan van der Heyden, 1664-66 The Dutch in Japan, 18c 18c Dutch Ship in Nagasaki Dutch Late 18c University of Leiden, University 1575 R By 1645, it was the By largest university in the Protestant world. Protestant R The separation of the The strong provinces hindered the power of any church to control intellectual life in the Dutch Republic! Dutch University of Gröningen, 1614 University R Along with Leiden, Along they were the first international universities. universities. R Half of the students Half were foreigners. were René Descartes René The French philosopher lived in Leiden The from 1628 to 1649. from Dutch Optics: The Telescope Dutch Most agree that the telescope was Most invented by Hans Lippershey in 1608. invented Astronomical Pioneer: Astronomical Christiaan Huygens R Explanation of Saturn’s rings. R Wave theory of light. Anton van Leeuwenhoek: The Microscope & the Discovery of Micro-Organisms Micro-Organisms Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp Anatomy – Rembrandt, 1632 Rembrandt, (detail) Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp – Rembrandt, 1632 Rembrandt, Dr. Jan Vermeer and Optics Jan R Did Vermeer use some of the new Did discoveries in optics? discoveries R Did he use lenses to project the Did image of the subject [camera image camera obscura] onto the canvas? obscura R It is argued that van Leeuwenhoek It was the model for his painting, “The Astronomer.” “The The Astronomer The Jan Vermeer, 1668 The Geographer The Jan Vermeer, 1668-1669 Girl Reading a Letter with the Window Open - Jan Vermeer, 1657 Jan The Music Lesson The Jan Vermeer, 1662-1665 The Spanish Hapsburgs & Europe (1556) (1556) The Philip II consolidated Hapsburg lands at the end of the 16c. The Spanish Netherlands: The Union of Utrecht, 1579 The United Provinces still recognized Spanish rule, The but, in 1581, they declared their independence. but, The Netherlands (1609) The The Dutch Federation The REGENTS - provincial level - held virtually all the power - strong advocates of local independence STADHOLDER - States General representative from each province - responsible for defense and order STATES GENERAL - federal assembly - foreign affairs (war) - all issues had to be referred to the local Estates The Night Watch – Rembrandt, 1642 Rembrandt, The Dutch Royal Palace, Amsterdam Dutch 1648-1665 Count William II Granting Privileges Count Cesare van Everdingen, 1654 Anglo-Dutch Wars Anglo-Dutch R First Anglo-Dutch War: 1660-1665 R Second Anglo-Dutch War: 1665-1667 R Third Anglo-Dutch War: 1674-1678 King William III Queen Mary II King ascend the throne of England in 1689 after the Glorious Revolution. William III of England: William “Dutch William” The final “revenge” of the Dutch? ...
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