EngAndFr-LaBelleEpoque

EngAndFr-LaBelleEpoque - Eng land Eng & Franc e...

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England England France France During During La Belle La Belle Epoque Epoque Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS    Chappaqua, NY Horace Greeley HS    Chappaqua, NY
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Essential Question Essential Question : : How “democratic” did How “democratic” did Britain & France become Britain & France become by the beginning by the beginning of the 20 of the 20 c c ? ?
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The The Third Third French French Republ ic: Republ ic: The Paris Commune The Paris Commune
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Third French Republic Declared! September, 1870 after  France’s defeat at the  Battle of Sedan. Napoleon III abdicated  the throne. New government headed  by  Adolphe Thiers . This new government continued the fight against the  Germans who laid siege to Paris. To defend Paris, a National Guard was raised numbering  over 350,000. France surrendered in February, 1871 after 40,000  Parisians died.
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The Third French Republic Thiers’ government was seen as: Too conservative. Too royalist. Too ready to accept a humiliating peace with Prussia. Prussian troops marched into Paris in March, 1871. The French government established itself at  Versailles, NOT in Paris. Parisians were angered by this. They opposed the policies of this new government. It attempted to restore order in Paris.
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Paris in Revolt! The  Paris Commune [Communards]   was elected on March 28 and established itself at  the Hôtel de Ville.
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Civil War! Communards Troops from  Versailles The Commune was  suppressed by government  troops led by  Marshal Patrice MacMahon   during the last week of  May, 1871. Known as the “Bloody  Week.”
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The Communards
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Paris City Hall Destroyed
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Attempted Communard Reforms * take over factories  not in use and start them up again. * Set up unemployment exchanges in  town halls. * Provide basic elementary education  for all   they were strongly against  church-controlled schools. * Attempted to set up girls schools. * Day nurseries near factories for working mothers. Too little time to accomplish much!
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First Communist Revolution? It served as an  inspiration  to later  revolutionaries like  Vladimir Lenin. * 25,000  Communards  killed. * 35,000 were  arrested.
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Communard Casualties
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The The Third Third French French Republ ic: Republ ic: Government Structure Government Structure
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Declaring the 3 rd French Republic
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An Overview of the 3 rd French Republic Politically very unstable.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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EngAndFr-LaBelleEpoque - Eng land Eng & Franc e...

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