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Unformatted text preview: By: Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY The “Thermidorian Reaction”
T he “Thermidorian Reaction”
V Curtailed the power of the Committee for Public Safety.
V Closed the Jacobin Clubs.
V Churches were reopened. 1795 freedom of worship for all cults was granted. V Economic restrictions were lifted in favor of laissez
V August, 1795 a new Constitution is written more conservative republicanism. Characteristics of the Directory
C haracteristics of the Directory
V The Paris Commune was outlawed.
V The Law of 22 Prairial was revoked.
V People involved in the original Terror were now attacked “White” Terror
V Inflation continues.
V Rule by rich bourgeois liberals.
V Selfindulgence frivolous culture;
salons return; wild fashions.
V Political corruption.
V Revival of Catholicism. The Government Structure of the T he Government Structure of the New Directory V 5man executive committee or oligarchy [to avoid a oligarchy [to avoid a dictatorship].
V Tried to avoid the dangers of a onehouse legislature. Council of 500 initiates legislation. Council of Elders [250 members] married or widowed males over 40 years of age. o They accepted or rejected the legislation. Both houses elected by electors who owned or rented property worth 100200 days’ labor [limited to 30,000 voters]. The electors were elected by all males over 21 who were taxpayers. Political Instability: 17951796
P olitical Instability: April, 1795 Inflation; bread riots. May 20, 1795 Revolt of Prairial [Year III] October, 1795 : Vendée and Brittany revolted. Military suppressed them. May, 1796 First “communist” revolt Gracchus Babeuf and and the Conspiracy of Equals” 18 Brumaire (Nov. 9, 1799)
1 8 Brumaire Coup d’état by Napoleon. Approved by a plebiscite in December. Abbe Sieyès: Confidence
above. A British Cartoon about A British Cartoon about Napoleon’s Coup in 1799 Read More About the Revolution
R ead More About the Revolution Bibliographic Resources
B ibliographic Resources “Hist210—Europe in the Age of Revolutions.”
http://www.ucl.ac.uk/history/courses/europe1/chron/rch “Liberty, Fraternity, Equality: Exploring the
http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/ Matthews, Andrew. Revolution and Reaction:
Europe, 1789-1849. Cambridge
University Press, 2001. “The Napoleonic Guide.”
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '08