ItalianFascism

ItalianFascism - Italian Fascism Ms.SusanM.Pojer...

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Italian Fascism Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS     Chappaqua, NY
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A Definition of Fascism A Definition of Fascism Fascism Fascism  is the totalitarian philosophy of government that glorifies  the state and nation and assigns to the state control over every  aspect of national life. The State not only is authority which governs and molds individual will  with laws and values of spiritual life, but it is also power which makes  its will prevail abroad….For the Fascist, everything is within the State  and…neither individuals nor groups are outside the State. ..For Fascism,  the State is an absolute, before which individuals or groups are only  relative….Liberalism denied the State in the name of the individual;  Fascism reasserts the rights of the State as expressing the real essence of  the individual.                                      -- Enciclopedia Italiana , 1932
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The Fasces Symbol The Fasces Symbol Comes from the Latin  word  fasces. In ancient Rome, the  fasces were cylindrical  bundles of wooden rods,  tied tightly together  around an axe. They symbolize unity and  power.
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The Characteristics of Fascism
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1. Ideology 1. Ideology A form of extreme right-wing ideology. It celebrates the nation or the race as an  organic community transcending all other  loyalties. Powerful and continuing nationalism. Constant use of patriotic mottos, slogans, symbols,  songs, etc. Flags are seen everywhere.
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2. Subordination to the State 2. Subordination to the State Fascism seeks forcibly to subordinate ALL  aspects of society to its vision of organic  community [usually through a totalitarian  state]. It uses organized violence to suppress  opposition. Glorification of force. Accepts the tenets of Social Darwinism. Is anti-democratic.
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3. Cult of State Worship 3. Cult of State Worship The individual had no significance except as a  member of the state. The fascists were taught: Credere!  [to believe] Obbedire!  [to obey] Combattere!  [to fight]
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4. The Myth of Rebirth 4. The Myth of Rebirth The “phoenix rising up from the ashes.” Emphasis on a national or racial rebirth after a  period of decline or destruction. Calls for a “spiritual revolution” against signs of  moral decay [such as individualism and  materialism]. Seeks to purge “alien” forces and groups that  threaten the organic community.
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5. Militarism 5. Militarism
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6. Rampant Sexism 6. Rampant Sexism Almost exclusively male- dominated. Traditional gender roles are 
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ItalianFascism - Italian Fascism Ms.SusanM.Pojer...

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