MedievalSummary(1)

MedievalSummary(1) - By: Susan M. Pojer By: Susan M. Pojer...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: By: Susan M. Pojer By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY Periodization Periodization Early Middle Ages: 500 – 1000 High Middle Ages: 1000 – 1250 Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500 Europe in the 6c Europe The Medieval Catholic Church The filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world. monasticism: St. Benedict – Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools for the children of the upper class. inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts. monks missionaries to the barbarians. [St. Patrick, St. Boniface] The Power of the Medieval Church The bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies crusades; Inquisition tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peter’s Pence 1 penny per person [paid by the peasants]. A Medieval Monk’s Day Medieval A Medieval Monastery: The Scriptorium Scriptorium Illuminated Manuscripts Illuminated Romanesque Architectural Style Romanesque Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall. Charlemagne: 742 to 814 Charlemagne: Charlemagne’s Empire Charlemagne’s Pope Crowned Charlemagne Pope Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800 The Carolingian Renaissance The Carolingian Miniscule Carolingian The Rise of European Monarchies: The England Charlemagne’s Empire Collapses: Charlemagne’s Treaty of Verdun, 843 Feudalism Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service. Carcassonne: A Medieval Castle Carcassonne: Parts of a Medieval Castle Parts The Road to Knighthood The KNIGHT SQUIRE PAGE Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Chivalry Behavior Behavior The Medieval Manor The Life on the Medieval Manor Life Serfs at work William the Conqueror: William Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry) Evolution of England’s Political System System Henry I: William’s son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury. Evolution of England’s Political System System Henry I: William’s son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury. Magna Carta, 1215 Magna King John I King Runnymeade “Great Charter” monarchs were not above the law. kings had to consult a council of advisors. kings could not tax arbitrarily. The Beginnings of the British Parliament Parliament Great Council: middle class merchants, townspeople [burgesses in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.] were added at the end of the 13c. eventually called Parliament. by 1400, two chambers evolved: o H ouse of Lords nobles & clergy. o H ouse of Commons knights and burgesses. The Rise of European Monarchies: The France Gothic Architectural Style Gothic Pointed arches. H igh, narrow vaults. Thinner walls. F lying buttresses. E laborate, ornate, airier interiors. Stained-glass windows. “Flying” Buttresses Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade Pope Setting Out on Crusade Setting Christian Crusades: East and West Christian Medieval Universities Medieval Oxford University Oxford Late Medieval Town Dwellings Late Medieval Trade Medieval Medieval Guilds Medieval Guild Guild Hall Hall Commercial Monopoly: Controlled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece]. Controlled prices Medieval Guilds: A Goldsmith’s Shop Shop Crest of a Cooper’s Guild Crest ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online