RenaissanceArt - By Susan M Pojer By Horace Greeley HS...

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Unformatted text preview: By: Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Art and Patronage A rt and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. Italian banking & international trade interests had the money. Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status! 1. Realism & 1 . Realism & Expression Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times. 2. Perspective 2 . Perspective The Trinity Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Masaccio 1427 Perspective! First use First of linear perspective! perspective! What you are, I What once was; what I am, you will become. will Perspective P erspective 3. Classicism 3 . Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The “Classical Pose” The “Classical Medici “Venus” (1c) 4. Emphasis on Individualism 4 . Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke Batista & Dutchess of Urbino Dutchess Piero della Francesca, 1465-1466. Isabella d’Este – da Vinci, 1499 I sabella d’Este – 1474-1539 “First Lady of the Italian Renaissance.” Great patroness of the arts. Known during her time as “First Lady of the World!” 5. Geometrical Arrangement of 5 . Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus The Madonna with the Pomegranate Pomegranate Leonardo da Leonardo Vinci Vinci 1469 The figure as The architecture! architecture! 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening 6 . Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Sfumato Chiaroscuro 7. Artists as 7 . Artists as Personalities/Celebrities Lives of the Most Lives Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Sculptors, Architects Giorgio Vasari 1550 Renaissance Florence R enaissance Florence Florentine lion: Florentine symbol of St. Mark 1252 – first gold florins minted florins The Wool Factory The by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570 Lorenzo L orenzo the Magnificent Cosimo de Medici 1478 - 1521 1517 - 1574 Florence Under the Medici F lorence Under the Medici Medici Chapel Medici The Medici Palace Filippo Brunelleschi 1377 - 1436 Architect Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore Filippo Brunelleschi F ilippo Brunelleschi Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. / Used unique architectural concepts. He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome. Used ribs for support. Brunelleschi’s “Secret” B runelleschi’s “Secret” Brunelleschi’s B runelleschi’s Dome Comparing Domes C omparing Domes Other Famous Domes O ther Famous Domes Il Duomo (Florence) St. Peter’s (Rome) St. Paul’s (London) US capital (Washington) The Ideal City T he Ideal City Piero della Francesca, 1470 A Contest to Decorate the Cathedral: A Contest to Decorate the Cathedral: Sacrifice of Isaac Panels Brunelleschi Ghiberti Ghiberti – Gates of Paradise G hiberti – Baptistry Door, Florence – 1425 ­ 1452 The Winner! The Liberation of Sculpture David by Donatello David Donatello 1430 First free-form bronze since First Roman times! Roman David Verrocchio 1473 ­ 1475 The Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, 1472 ­ 1475 Leonardo Leonardo da Vinci da Vitruvian Man Vitruvian Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The L’uomo universale The Renaissance “Man” T he Renaissance “Man” Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. Deep knowledge/skill in one area. Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education. 1.. Self­Portrait ­­ da Vinci, 1 1512 Artist Sculptor Architect Scientist Engineer Inventor 1452 - 1519 Leonardo, the L eonardo, the Artist The Virgin of The the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci 1483-1486 Leonardo, the Artist: L eonardo, the Artist: From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages (1508­ 1519) Mona Lisa – da Vinci, M ona Lisa 1503­4 Parody The Best Form of Flattery? A Macaroni Mona Macaroni A Picasso Mona Picasso An Andy Warhol Mona An A “Mona”ca Lewinsky Lewinsky Mona Lisa OR da Vinci?? M ona Lisa The Last Supper ­ da Vinci, 1498 T he Last Supper & Geometry Refractory R efractory Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan vertical The Last Supper ­ da Vinci, 1498 horizontal Perspective! Deterioration Detail of Detail Jesus Jesus The Last The Supper Supper Leonardo da Leonardo Vinci Vinci 1498 A Da Vinci “Code”: A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene? Leonardo, the Sculptor L eonardo, the Sculptor An An Equestrian Statue Statue 1516-1518 Leonardo, the Architect: L eonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Study of a Study central church. central 1488 Leonardo, the Architect: L eonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Plan of the city of Imola, 1502. Leonardo, the Scientist L eonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of An the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature. nature. Leonardo, the Scientist L eonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook Leonardo, the Inventor: L eonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook Man Can Fly? M an Can Fly? Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook A study of siege defenses. study Studies of water-lifting Studies devices. devices. Leonardo da Vinci…. L eonardo da Vinci…. O investigator, do not flatter investigator, yourself that you know the things nature performs for herself, but rejoice in knowing that purpose of those things designed by your own mind. designed 2.. Michelangelo Buonorrati 2 1475 – 1564 He represented He the body in three dimensions of sculpture. sculpture. David Michelangelo Buonarotti 1504 Marble 15c 15c What a difference a century makes! 16c 16c The Popes as Patrons of the Arts The Pieta Michelangelo Buonarroti 1499 marble The Sistine The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 ­ 1512 The Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling The Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti 1508 ­ 1512 The Sistine Chapel Details T he Sistine Chapel The The Creation of the Heavens Heavens The Sistine Chapel Details T he Sistine Chapel Creation of Man A Modern “Adaptation” A Modern “Adaptation” Joe Gallo in the New York Daily News, 2004 The Sistine Chapel Details T he Sistine Chapel The Fall The from Grace Grace The Sistine Chapel Details T he Sistine Chapel The Last Judgment 3.. Raffaello Sanzio (1483­1520) 3 Self-Portrait, 1506 Portrait of the Artist with a Portrait Friend, 1518 Friend Baldassare Castiglione by B aldassare Castiglione Raphael, 1514­1515 Castiglione Castiglione represented the humanist “gentleman” as a man of refinement and self-control. self-control. Perspective! Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael 1504 Raphael’s Canagiani Madonna, R aphael’s 1507 Raphael’s Madonnas (1) R aphael’s Sistine Madonna Cowpepper Madonna Raphael’s Madonnas (2) Madonna della Sedia Madonna Alba Madonna The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 T he School of Athens ­11 One point perspective. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts! A great variety of poses. Located in the papal apartments library. Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. No Christian themes here. The School of Athens – Raphael, 1510 T he School of Athens ­11 Da Vinci Raphael Michelangelo The School of Athens – Raphael, details Plato: looks to the heavens [or heavens the IDEAL the realm]. Aristotle: Aristotle looks to this earth [the here and now]. Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid The Liberation of St. Peter by T he Liberation of St. Peter Raphael, 1514 Portrait of Pope Julius II P ortrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, 1511­1512 More concerned with More politics than with theology. theology. The “Warrior Pope.” Great patron of Great Renaissance artists, especially Raphael & Michelangelo. Michelangelo. Died in 1513 Pope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio P ope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio deMedici and Luigi De Rossi by Raphael, A Medici Pope. 1518­1519 He went through the He Vatican treasury in a year! year! His extravagances His offended even some cardinals [as well as cardinals as Martin Luther!]. Martin Started selling Started indulgences. indulgences Birth of Venus – Botticelli, B irth of Venus 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty. 2002 Euro Coin Botticelli’s Venus Motif. Botticelli’s 10¢ Italian Euro coin. Primavera – Botticelli, 1482 P rimavera Depicted classical gods as almost Depicted naked and life-size. naked A Portrait of Savonarola A Portrait of Savonarola By Fra Bartolomeo, 1498. Dominican friar who decried Dominican money and power. money Anti-humanist he saw humanism as too secular, hedonistic, and corrupting. hedonistic, The “Bonfire of the Vanities,” The “Bonfire 1497. 1497. / Burned books, artwork, Burned jewelry, and other luxury goods in public. goods / Even Botticelli put some of Even his paintings on the fire!! his The Execution of Savonarola, T he Execution of Savonarola, 1452 The Doge, Leonardo Loredon T he Doge, Leonardo Loredon Berlini, 1501 Venus of Urbino – Titian, 1558 V enus of Urbino The Penitent Mary Magdalene by T he Penitent Mary Magdalene Titian, 1533 By the mid-16c, By High Renaissance art was declining. art Mannerism Mannerism became more popular. popular. This painting is a This good example of this new artistic style. style. ...
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