RevolutionsOf1820s-1830

RevolutionsOf1820s-1830 - Challenges to the “Concert”...

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Unformatted text preview: Challenges to the “Concert” System: The 1820s-1830 Revolutions Ms . Sus an M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Ms . Sus an M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS An Evaluation of the Congres s of Vienna 4 The Congress of Vienna was criticized for ignoring the liberal & nationalist aspirations of so many peoples. 4 The leading statesmen at Vienna underestimated the new nationalism and liberalism generated by the French Revolution. 4 Not until the unification of Germany in 1870-71 was the balance of power upset. 4 Not until World War I did Europe have another general war. The “Concert” of Europe Sys tem Es tablis hed 4 The principle of collective security was established. The Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle [1816] The Congress of Troppau [1820] The Congress of Laibach [1821] The Congress of Verona [1822] 4 Their goal was to define and monitor the status quo. Congres s of Verona 19 c Cons ervatis m 4 Conservatism arose in reaction to liberalism & became a popular alternative for those who were frightened by the violence unleashed by the French Revolution. 4 Early conservatism was allied to the restored monarchical governments of Austria, Prussia, France, and England. 4 Support for conservatism: Came from the traditional ruling class. Also supported by the peasants. 4 Supported by Romantic writers, conservatives believed in order, society and the state, faith, and tradition. Characteris tics of Cons ervatis m 4 Conservatives viewed history as a continuum. 4 The basis of society is organic, not contractual. 4 Stability & longevity, not progress and change, mark a good society. 4 The only legitimate sources of political authority were God and history. They rejected the “social contract” theory. 4 Conservatives believed that self-interests do not lead to social harmony, but to social conflict. Denounced individualism and natural rights . 4 To conservatives, society was hierarchical. 19 c Latin American Independence Movements Revolutionary Movements in the Early 19 c Independen ce Movements in the Balkans Wallachia & Moldavia Wallachia & Moldavia Greek Revolution - 1821 Greek Independence 4 The “Eastern Question” 4 Hetairia Philike a secret society that inspired an uprising against the Turks in 1821....
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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RevolutionsOf1820s-1830 - Challenges to the “Concert”...

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