RevolutionsOf1848

RevolutionsOf1848 - The Revolutio ns The Springtime of...

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The Revolutio ns Of 1848 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS      Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS      Chappaqua, NY “The Springtime of Peoples”
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The turning point at which  history failed to turn.                 --- George Macaulay Trevelyn                        [1937]
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Historicism Historicism G The “Hegelian Dialectic” History advances through  conflict. One phase of history creates its  opposite [ex: absolutism to  democracy]. George Wilhelm Friedrich  George Wilhelm Friedrich  Hegel Hegel [1744-1803] [1744-1803] Antithesis Antithesis Thesis Thesis Synthesis Synthesis
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Pre-1848 Tensions: Long-Term Pre-1848 Tensions: Long-Term G Industrialization Economic challenges to rulers. Rapid urbanization. Challenges to the artisan class. G Population doubled in the 18 c Food supply problems    Malthus G Ideological Challenges Liberalism, nationalism, democracy, socialism. G Romanticism G Repressive Measures Carlsbad Decrees  [Prus.] Six Acts  [Eng.] Secret police created in many European states.
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Pre-1848 Tensions: Short-Term Pre-1848 Tensions: Short-Term G Agricultural Crises Poor cereal harvests prices rose 60% in one year. Potato blight   Ireland Prices rose 135% for food in one year! G Financial Crises Investment bubbles burst   railways, iron, coal. Unemployment increased rapidly [esp. among the  artisan class]. and agricultural peasantry! and agricultural peasantry!
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Prince Metternich Prince Metternich 1815: 1815:     We have redrawn Europe’s map for eternity. We have redrawn Europe’s map for eternity.
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Not Really Not Really : Centers of Revolution in  : Centers of Revolution in  1848 1848
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No Coherent Organized Revolutions No Coherent Organized Revolutions G Many different reasons for revolutionary activities. Reactions to long- and short-term causes. G Competing ideologies in different countries. G Different revolutionary leaders, aims, and goals in  different countries. G Some countries had no revolutions: England. Russia.
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FRANCE: The Giant Sea Snake? FRANCE: The Giant Sea Snake?
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FRANCE FRANCE
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Louis Philippe Louis Philippe , ,  “The Pear,” 1848  “The Pear,” 1848
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Prince Louis : :     Not Too Steady! Not Too Steady! Victor Hugo & Miguel de Girardin try to raise Prince Louis upon a
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RevolutionsOf1848 - The Revolutio ns The Springtime of...

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