WW2 - By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley H. S....

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Unformatted text preview: By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY The Versailles Treaty A Weak League of Nations The Ineffectiveness of the League of Nations No control of major conflicts. No progress in disarmament. No effective military force. The “Stab-In-The-Back” Theory German soldiers are dissatisfied. Decadence of the Weimar Republic France – False Sense of Security? The Maginot Line France – False Sense of Security? International Agreements Locarno Pact – 1925 France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy Guarantee existing frontiers Establish DMZ 30 miles deep on East bank of Rhine River Refrain from aggression against each other Kellogg-Briand Pact – 1928 Makes war illegal as a tool of diplomacy No enforcement provisions The Great Depression The Manchurian Crisis, 1931 Japan Invades Manchuria, 1931 Italy Attacks Ethiopia, 1935 Emperor Haile Selassie Germany Invades the Rhineland March 7, 1936 U. S. Neutrality Acts: 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939 America-First Committee Charles Lindbergh Rome-Berlin Axis, 1936 The “Pact of Steel” The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The National Front The Popular Front [Nationalists] [Republicans] Carlists [ultra-Catholic monarchists]. Catholic Church. Falange [fascist] Party. Monarchists. Anarcho-Syndicalists. Basques. Catalans. Communists. Marxists. Republicans. Socialists. The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The Spanish Civil War The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 The American “Lincoln Brigade” The Spanish Civil War: 1936 - 1939 Francisco Franco The Spanish Civil War: A Dress Rehearsal for WW II? Italian troops in Madrid “Guernica” by Pablo Picasso The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937 The Austrian Anschluss, 1938 The “Problem” of the Sudetenland Appeasement: The Munich Agreement, 1938 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain Now we have “peace in our time!” Herr Hitler is a man we can do business with. Czechoslovakia Becomes Part of the Third Reich: 1939 The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 Foreign Ministers von Ribbentrop & Molotov Poland Attacked: Sept. 1, 1939 Blitzkrieg [“Lightening War”] German Troops March into Warsaw Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, 1940 The Tripartite Pact European Theater of Operations The “Phoney War” Ends: Spring, 1940 Dunkirk Evacuated June 4, 1940 France Surrenders June, 1940 A Divided France Henri Petain The French Resistance The Free French The Maquis General Charles DeGaulle Now Britain Is All Alone! U. S. Lend-Lease Act, 1941 Great Britain.........................$31 billion Soviet Union..........................$11 billion France..................................$3 billion China..................................$1.5 billion Other European......................$500 million South America.......................$400 million The amount totaled: $48,601,365,000 Lend-Lease Battle of Britain: The “Blitz” Battle of Britain: The “Blitz” The London “Tube”: Air Raid Shelters during the Blitz The Royal Air Force British Prime Minister Winston Churchill The Atlantic Charter Roosevelt and Churchill sign treaty of friendship in August 1941. Solidifies alliance. Fashioned after Wilson’s 14 Points. Calls for League of Nations type organization. Operation Barbarossa: Hitler’s Biggest Mistake Operation Barbarossa: June 22, 1941 3,000,000 German soldiers. 3,400 tanks. The “Big Three” Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin Axis Powers in 1942 Battle of Stalingrad: Winter of 1942-1943 German Army Russian Army 1,011,500 men 1,000,500 men 10,290 artillery guns 13,541 artillery guns 675 tanks 894 tanks 1,216 planes 1,115 planes The North Africa Campaign: The Battle of El Alamein, 1942 Gen. Ernst Rommel, The “Desert Fox” Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery (“Monty”) The Italian Campaign [“Operation Torch”] : Europe’s “Soft Underbelly” Allies plan assault on weakest Axis area - North Africa - Nov. 1942-May 1943 George S. Patton leads American troops Germans trapped in Tunisia surrender over 275,000 troops. The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943 General George S. Patton George C. Scott Playing General Patton in the 1968 Movie, “Patton” The Battle of Monte Casino: February, 1944 The Allies Liberate Rome: June 5, 1944 Gen. Eisenhower Gives the Orders for D-Day [“Operation Overlord”] D-Day (June 6, 1944) Normandy Landing (June 6, 1944) German Prisoners Higgins Landing Crafts July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot Major Claus von Stauffenberg July 20, 1944 Assassination Plot 1. Adolf Hitler 2. Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel 3. Gen Alfred von Jodl 4. Gen Walter Warlimont 5. Franz von Sonnleithner 6. Maj Herbert Buchs 7. Stenographer Heinz Buchholz 8. Lt Gen Hermann Fegelein 9. Col Nikolaus von Below 10. Rear Adm Hans­Erich Voss 11. Otto Gunsche, Hitler's adjutant 12. Gen Walter Scherff (injured) 13. Gen Ernst John von Freyend 14. Capt Heinz Assman (injured) The Liberation of Paris: August 25, 1944 De Gaulle in Triumph! U. S. Troops in Paris, 1944 French Female Collaborators The Battle of the Bulge: Hitler’s Last Offensive Dec. 16, 1944 to Jan. 28, 1945 Yalta: February, 1945 FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war. FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany. Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin. FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’. Mussolini & His Mistress, Claretta Petacci Are Hung in Milan, 1945 US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River: April 25, 1945 Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Entrance to Auschwitz: Work Makes You Free Crematoria at Majdanek Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Eli Wiesel Slave Labor at Buchenwald Horrors of the Holocaust Exposed Mass Graves at Bergen-Belsen Hitler’s “Secret Weapons”: Too Little, Too Late! V-1 Rocket: “Buzz Bomb” V-2 Rocket Werner von Braun Hitler Commits Suicide April 30, 1945 Cyanide & Pistols The Führer’s Bunker Mr. & Mrs. Hitler V-E Day (May 8, 1945) General Keitel V-E Day (May 8, 1945) The Code Breakers of WW II The Japanese “Purple” [naval] Code Machine Bletchley Park The German “Enigma” Machine Pearl Harbor Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Pearl Harbor from the Cockpit of a Japanese Pilot Pearl Harbor - Dec. 7, 1941 A date which will live in infamy! President Roosevelt Signs the US Declaration of War USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor Memorial 2,887 Americans Dead! Pacific Theater of Operations “Tokyo Rose” Paying for the War Paying for the War Paying for the War Betty Grable: Allied Pinup Girl She Reminded Men What They Were Fighting For Singapore Surrenders [February, 1942] U.S. Surrenders at Corregidor, the Philippines [March, 1942] Bataan Death March: April, 1942 76,000 prisoners [12,000 Americans] Marched 60 miles in the blazing heat to POW camps in the Philippines. Bataan: British Soldiers A Liberated British POW POW The Burma Campaign General Stilwell General Leaving Burma, 1942 Leaving The “Burma The Road” Road” Allied Counter-Offensive: “Island-Hopping” “Island-Hopping”: US Troops on Kwajalien Island Farthest Extent of Japanese Conquests Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle: First U. S. Raids on Tokyo, 1942 Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942 Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942 Battle of Midway Island: June 4-6, 1942 Japanese Kamikaze Planes: The Scourge of the South Pacific Kamikaze Pilots Suicide Bombers Gen. MacArthur “Returns” to the Philippines! [1944] US Marines on Mt. Surbachi, Iwo Jima [Feb. 19, 1945] Potsdam Conference: July, 1945 FDR dead, Churchill out of office as Prime Minister during conference. Stalin only original. The United States has the A-bomb. Allies agree Germany is to be divided into occupation zones Poland moved around to suit P.M. Clement President Joseph Atlee Truman Stalin the Soviets. The Manhattan Project: Los Alamos, NM Major General Lesley R. Groves Dr. Robert Oppenheimer I am become death, the shatterer of worlds! Tinian Island, 1945 Little Boy Fat Man Enola Gay Crew Col. Paul Tibbets & the A-Bomb Hiroshima – August 6, 1945 © 70,000 killed immediately. © 48,000 buildings. destroyed. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later. The Beginning of the Atomic Age Nagasaki – August 9, 1945 © 40,000 killed immediately. © 60,000 injured. © 100,000s died of radiation poisoning & cancer later. Japanese A-Bomb Survivors Hiroshima Memorials V-J Day (September 2, 1945) Japanese POWs, Guam V-J Day in Times Square, NYC WW II Casualties: Europe Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations WW II Casualties: Asia Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations Country Country Men in war Battle deaths Wounded Wounded 1,000,000 26,976 180,864 180,864 Austria Austria 800,000 280,000 350,117 350,117 Belgium Belgium 625,000 8,460 55,5131 55,513 40,334 943 4,222 4,222 339,760 6,671 21,878 21,878 Canada Canada 1,086,3437 1,086,343 42,0427 42,042 53,145 53,145 China3 17,250,521 1,324,516 1,762,006 1,762,006 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia — 6,6834 6,683 8,017 8,017 Denmark Denmark — 4,339 — Finland Finland 500,000 79,047 50,000 50,000 France France — 201,568 400,000 400,000 20,000,000 3,250,0004 3,250,000 7,250,000 7,250,000 Greece Greece — 17,024 47,290 47,290 Hungary Hungary — 147,435 89,313 89,313 India India 2,393,891 32,121 64,354 64,354 Italy Italy 3,100,000 149,4964 149,496 66,716 66,716 Japan Japan 9,700,000 1,270,000 140,000 140,000 Netherlands Netherlands 280,000 6,500 2,860 2,860 New Zealand New 194,000 11,6254 11,625 17,000 17,000 Norway Norway 75,000 2,000 — Poland Poland — 664,000 530,000 530,000 650,0005 650,000 350,0006 350,000 — 410,056 2,473 — — 6,115,0004 6,115,000 14,012,000 14,012,000 5,896,000 357,1164 357,116 369,267 369,267 16,112,566 291,557 670,846 670,846 Australia Australia Brazil2 Bulgaria Bulgaria Germany Germany Romania Romania South Africa South U.S.S.R. U.S.S.R. United Kingdom United United States United WW II Casualties 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Civilians only. Army and navy figures. Figures cover period July 7, 1937 to Sept. 2, 1945, and concern only Chinese regular troops. They do not include casualties suffered by guerrillas and local military corps. Deaths from all causes. Against Soviet Russia; 385,847 against Nazi Germany. Against Soviet Russia; 169,822 against Nazi Germany. National Defense Ctr., Canadian Forces Hq., Director of History. Massive Human Dislocations The U.S. & the U.S.S.R. Emerged as the Two Superpowers of the later 20c The Bi-Polarization of Europe: The Beginning of the Cold War The Division of Germany: 1945 - 1990 The Creation of the U. N. The Nuremberg War Trials: Crimes Against Humanity Japanese War Crimes Trials General General Hideki Tojo Hideki Bio-Chemical Bio-Chemical Experiments Experiments 7 Future American Presidents Served in World War II The Race for Space Early Computer Technology Came Out of WW II Colossus, 1941 Mark I, 1944 Admiral Grace Hooper, 1944-1992 COBOL language The Emergence of Third World Nationalist Movements The De-Colonization of European Empires ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 103 taught by Professor Livingston during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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WW2 - By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley H. S....

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