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Unformatted text preview: Ms . S us a n M. P oje r
Hora ce Gre e le y HS
Cha ppa qua , NY
C ha Es s e ntia l Que s tion:
Es Champion of
“Common OR “King”
Andrew? Voting Re quire me nts
in the Ea rly 19c
in Vote r Turnout: 1820
1 860 C a mpa igning “on the
S tump” 3
3 Why Incre a s e d
White male suffrage increased
De mocra tiza tion?
Party 3 Voters chose their state’s slate of Presidential
electors. 3 Spoils system. 3 Rise of Third Parties. 3 Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats,
etc.) 3 Two-party system returned in the 1832 election: Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs
(1832) Republicans (1854) Democrats (1828) J a cks on’s Firs t
He rmita ge Re s ide nce
He F irs t Known P a inting
of J a cks on, 1815
of G e ne ra l J a cks on
During the S e minole
Wa The “Common
Ma n’s ”
P re s ide ntia l
Ca ndida te
Ca J a cks on’s Oppone nts
in Henry Clay
[KY] John Quincy Adams
William H. Crawford
[GA] John C. Calhoun
[SC] R e s ults of the 1824
Ba rga i
Ba 3 3 O ppos ition to J ohn
Some believed he allowed too much political
control to be held by Ada ms
control uincy elites.
Some objected to his support of national
economic development on constitutional
grounds. Adams believed a strong, active central
government was necessary.
government A national university. An astronomical observatory. A naval academy. 3 Many Americans saw Adams’ vision of a
might nation led by a strong president as a
threat to individual liberties.
threat Ta riff Ba ttle s
3 Tariff of 1816 on imports of cheap textiles.
Tariff 3 Tariff of 1824 on iron goods and more
expensive woolen and cotton imports.
expensive 3 Tariff of 1828 higher tariffs on imported
raw materials [like wool & hemp].
raw Supported by Jacksonians to gain votes
from farmers in NY, OH, KY.
from The South alone was adamantly against it. As producers of the world’s cheapest
cotton, it did not need a protective tariff.
cotton, They were negatively impacted American
textiles and iron goods [or the taxed English
goods] were more expensive!
goods] Vote s in the Hous e for the
“Ta riff of Abomina tion”
“Ta 3 La nd & India n
John Quincy Adams:
P olicie s His land policies gave westerners anothr
reason to dislike him.
reason He attempted to curb speculation for public
lands his opponent accused him of
denying their individual rights and freedoms
to expand westward!
to He supported the land rights of Native
Americans against white settlers.
Americans 1825 govt. officials negotiated a treaty
with a group of Creek Indians to cede their
land rights to GA.
land The Creek Indians appealed to Adams to
renounce the treaty.
renounce Congress sided with the governor of GA. The 1828 Ele ction
3 Jackson’s campaign was engineered by
Senator Martin Van Buren of NY
Senator He wanted to recreate the old
Jeffersonian coalition of:
Jeffersonian Northern farmers and artisans. Southern slave owners. Farmers with small land holdings. He created the Democratic Party from the
remains of Jefferson’s old party:
remains Created a national committee that
oversaw local and state party units.
oversaw Mass meetings, parades, picnics. A lot of political mudslinging on both sides. Ra che l J a cks on
Ra Final Divorce Decree J a cks on in Mourning
for His Wife
for 1 828 Ele ction
Re s ults
Re The Ce nte r of
P opula tion in the
C ountry Move s
WES The Ne w “J a cks on
The Planter Elite in the South
C oa 3
3 People on the Frontier 3 Artisans [competition from factory labor]. 3 State Politicians spoils system To the victor belong the spoils of the
enemy! [William Marcy of NY] 3 Immigrants in the cities. J a cks on a s S a ta n
Da ngle s the S poils of
Victory ove r his
S upporte rs J a cks on’s Fa ith
in the “Common Ma n”
3 Intense distrust of Eastern
“establishment,” monopolies, &
special 3 His heart & soul was with the
“plain folk.” 3 Belief that the common man was
capable of uncommon
achievements. The Re ign of “King
Mob” Andre w J a cks on a s
P re s ide nt The “P e ggy Ea ton
Affa The We bs te r-Ha yne
De ba te
De Sen. Daniel
[MA] Sen. Robert
Liberty and Union, now and
forever, one and inseparable.
Our Federal Union—it must be
The Union, next to our liberty,
most dear. C a lhoun As ce nds the
P la tform tha t Le a ds to
De s potis m
De 1832 Ta riff Conflict
3 1832 --> new tariff 3 South Carolina’s reaction? 3 Jackson’s response? 3 Clay’s “Compromise”
Tariff C la ys S e ws Up
J a cks on’s Mouth (1834)
(1834) India n Re mova l
3 Jackson’s Goal? 3 1830 Indian Removal Act
Indian 3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831)
* “domestic dependent nation” 3 Worcester v. GA (1832)
(1832) 3 Jackson:
John Marshall has made his
decision, now let him enforce
it! The Che roke e Na tion
Afte r 1820
Afte India n Re mova l
India The Gra nd Na tiona l
Ca ra va n Moving We s t
Ca Tra il of Te a rs (1838Tra
1839) J a cks on’s P rofe s s e d
“Love ” for
Na tive Ame rica ns J a cks on’s Us e of
Fe de ra l P owe r
1830 Maysville Road project
in KY [state of his
political rival, Henry
Clay] The Na tiona l Ba nk
De ba te
Biddle [an arrogant aristocrat from Philadelphia] President
Jackson Oppos ition to the 2
(paper) $ 3 3 state bankers felt
it restrained their
banks from issuing
bank notes freely.
speculation. nd “Hard”
(specie) $ 3 felt that coin was
the only safe
currency. 3 didn’t like any bank
that issued bank
notes. 3 suspicious of
speculation. 3 The “Mons te r” Is
De s troye d!
“Pet Banks” 3 1832 Jackson
extension of the 2nd National
Bank of the United States.
Bank 3 1836 the charter expired.
1836 3 1841 the bank went
bankrupt! The Downfa ll of
“Mothe r Ba nk”
“Mothe The Ba nk & the 1832
3 Jackson saw Biddle’s pushing forward a bill
to renew the Bank’s charter earlier as an
attempt to block his re-election!
attempt Biddle & his associates preferred Clay. Jackson refused to sign the bill to recharter. The Bank is trying to destroy me, but I
will destroy it!
will Jackson drops Calhoun and runs with
Martin Van Buren.
Martin BUT, both parties [Democrats & Whigs] had
contradictory positions regarding their party
principles, to many of the issues of the day!
“King P os itions on the Ke y
Is s ue s of 1832
WHIG S • Less concerned about the
• widening gap between rich
Opposed “liberal capitalism”
because they believed it
would lead to economic
Strong national govt. to
coordinate the expanding
economy was critical.
Opposes Indian removal.
Supported a National Bank. DEMO C R AT S • Felt the widening gap
• • •
• between rich and poor was
Believed that bankers,
merchants, and speculators
were “non-producers” who
used their govt. connections
to line their own pockets.
Govt. should have a handsoff approach to the economy
to allow the little guy a
chance to prosper.
For Indian removal.
Oppose federal support for
Opposed the National Bank. 1 832 Ele ction
Re s ults
Re The 1836 Ele ction
Re s ults
Re Martin Van Buren
[O. K.] The S pe cie
3 Speculators created “wildcat
Circula r (1836)
Canks” that fueled the
3 So, buy future federal land
only with gold or silver.
only This move shocked the system. 3 Jackson’s goal to curb the
land R e s ults of the S pe cie
$ Banknotesircula r value.
C loose their
$ Land sales plummeted.
$ Credit not available.
$ Businesses began to fail.
$ Unemployment rose. The Panic of 1837! The P a nic of 1837
Hits Eve ryone !
Hits The P a nic of 1837
S pre a ds Quickly! Andre w J a cks on in
Re tire me nt
Re P hoto of Andre w
J a cks on in 1844
(one ye a r be fore his de a th) 1767 - 1845 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '10
- Andrew Jackson