Unformatted text preview: By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Early Emancipation in the E arly Emancipation in the North Missouri Compromise, 1820
M issouri Compromise, 1820 Characteristics of the C haracteristics of the Antebellum South
1. Primarily agrarian.
2. Economic power shifted from the
“upper South” to the “lower South.”
3. “Cotton Is King!”
* 1860 5 mil. bales a yr.
(57% of total US exports).
4. Very slow development of industrialization.
5. Rudimentary financial system.
6. Inadequate transportation system. Southern Society (1850)
S outhern Society (1850)
6,000,000 “Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] Black Freemen 250,000 Black Slaves
3,200,000 Total US Population 23,000,000
[9,250,000 in the South = 40%] Southern Population
S outhern Population Graniteville Textile Co.
G raniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s first attempt
at industrialization in Graniteville, SC. Southern Agriculture
S outhern Agriculture Slaves Picking Cotton
S laves Picking Cotton
on a Mississippi Plantation Slaves Using the Cotton Gin
S laves Using the Cotton Gin Changes in Cotton C hanges in Cotton Production
1820 1860 Value of Cotton Exports V alue of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports “ Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings”
William Henry Brown, 1842 Slaves Working
S laves Working
in a SugarBoiling House, 1823 Slave Auction Notice, 1823
S lave Auction Notice, 1823 Slave Auction: Charleston, SC
S lave Auction: Charleston, 1856 Slave Accoutrements
Brands Slave muzzle AntiSlave Pamphlet
A ntiSlave Pamphlet Slave Accoutrements Slave leg irons Slave shoes Slave tag, SC Distribution of Slave Labor in D istribution of Slave Labor in 1850 SlaveOwning Population (1850)
S laveOwning Population (1850) Slaves posing
in front of
their cabin on
plantation. Tara – Plantation Reality or T ara
Myth? Hollywood’s Version? A Real Georgia Plantation
A Real Georgia Plantation Scarlet and Mammie
S carlet and Mammie
(Hollywood Again!) A Real Mammie & Her Charge
A Real Mammie & Her Charge The Southern “Belle”
T he Southern “Belle” A Slave Family
A Slave Family The Ledger of John White
T he Ledger of John White Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington,
St. Louis, $425.00 Brooks Selby, 19, $750.00 Left at Home – Crazy Fred McAfee, 22, $800.00 Sold to Pepidal,
Donaldsonville, $1200.00 Howard Barnett, 25, $750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of
jail, $540.00 Harriett Barnett, 17, $550.00 Sold to Davenport
and Jones, Lafourche, $900.00 US Laws Regarding Slavery
U S Laws Regarding Slavery
1. U. S. Constitution:
* 3/5s compromise [I.2]
* fugitive slave clause [IV.2]
2. 1793 Fugitive Slave Act.
3. 1850 stronger Fugitive Slave Act. Southern Slavery> An S outhern Slavery> An Aberration?
1780s: 1 antislavery society created in Phila.
st By 1804: slavery eliminated from last northern
state. 1807: the legal termination of the slave trade,
enforced by the Royal Navy. 1820s: newly indep. Republics of Central & So.
America declared their slaves free. 1833: slavery abolished throughout the British
Empire. 1844: slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies. 1861: the serfs of Russia were emancipated. Slavery Was Less Efficient S lavery Was Less Efficient in the U. S. than Elsewhere High cost of keeping slaves from
escaping. GOAL raise the “exit cost.”
u Slave patrols. u Southern Black Codes. u Cut off a toe or a foot. Slave Resistance
S lave Resistance
1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a
charade in front of whites [the innocent,
laughing black man caricature – bulging
eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc.]. Slave Resistance
S lave Resistance
2. Refusal to work hard.
3. Isolated acts of sabotage.
4. Escape via the Underground Railroad. Runaway Slave Ads
R unaway Slave Ads Quilt Patterns as Secret Q uilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left,
alerted escapees to gather up tools and
prepare to flee; the Drunkard Path design,
on the right, warned escapees not to follow
a straight route. Slave Rebellions Throughout the S lave Rebellions Throughout the Americas Slave Rebellions S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South Gabriel Prosser
1800 1822 Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831 The Culture of Slavery
T he Culture of Slavery 1. Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]:
* more emotional worship services.
* negro spirituals.
2. “Pidgin” or Gullah languages.
3. Nuclear family with extended kin links,
4. Importance of music in their lives. [esp.
spirituals]. Southern ProSlavery
S outhern ProSlavery
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.
- Fall '10