AntebellumSouth - By Ms Susan M Pojer By Horace Greeley HS...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Early Emancipation in the E arly Emancipation in the North Missouri Compromise, 1820 M issouri Compromise, 1820 Characteristics of the C haracteristics of the Antebellum South 1. Primarily agrarian. 2. Economic power shifted from the Economic “upper South” to the “lower South.” “upper 3. “Cotton Is King!” * 1860 5 mil. bales a yr. (57% of total US exports). 4. Very slow development of industrialization. 5. Rudimentary financial system. 6. Inadequate transportation system. Southern Society (1850) S outhern Society (1850) 6,000,000 “Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] Black Freemen 250,000 Black Slaves 3,200,000 Total US Population 23,000,000 Total [9,250,000 in the South = 40%] Southern Population S outhern Population Graniteville Textile Co. G raniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s first attempt at industrialization in Graniteville, SC. Southern Agriculture S outhern Agriculture Slaves Picking Cotton S laves Picking Cotton on a Mississippi Plantation Slaves Using the Cotton Gin S laves Using the Cotton Gin Changes in Cotton C hanges in Cotton Production 1820 1860 Value of Cotton Exports V alue of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports “ Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings” William Henry Brown, 1842 Slaves Working S laves Working in a Sugar­Boiling House, 1823 Slave Auction Notice, 1823 S lave Auction Notice, 1823 Slave Auction: Charleston, SC­ S lave Auction: Charleston, 1856 Slave Accoutrements Slave Master Brands Slave muzzle Anti­Slave Pamphlet A nti­Slave Pamphlet Slave Accoutrements Slave leg irons Slave shoes Slave tag, SC Distribution of Slave Labor in D istribution of Slave Labor in 1850 Slave­Owning Population (1850) S lave­Owning Population (1850) Slaves posing in front of their cabin on a Southern plantation. plantation. Tara – Plantation Reality or T ara Myth? Hollywood’s Version? A Real Georgia Plantation A Real Georgia Plantation Scarlet and Mammie S carlet and Mammie (Hollywood Again!) A Real Mammie & Her Charge A Real Mammie & Her Charge The Southern “Belle” T he Southern “Belle” A Slave Family A Slave Family The Ledger of John White T he Ledger of John White Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington, St. Louis, $425.00 Brooks Selby, 19, $750.00 Left at Home – Crazy Fred McAfee, 22, $800.00 Sold to Pepidal, Donaldsonville, $1200.00 Howard Barnett, 25, $750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of jail, $540.00 Harriett Barnett, 17, $550.00 Sold to Davenport and Jones, Lafourche, $900.00 US Laws Regarding Slavery U S Laws Regarding Slavery 1. U. S. Constitution: * 3/5s compromise [I.2] * fugitive slave clause [IV.2] 2. 1793 Fugitive Slave Act. 3. 1850 stronger Fugitive Slave Act. Southern Slavery­­> An S outhern Slavery­­> An Aberration? 1780s: 1 antislavery society created in Phila. st By 1804: slavery eliminated from last northern state. 1807: the legal termination of the slave trade, enforced by the Royal Navy. 1820s: newly indep. Republics of Central & So. America declared their slaves free. 1833: slavery abolished throughout the British Empire. 1844: slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies. 1861: the serfs of Russia were emancipated. Slavery Was Less Efficient S lavery Was Less Efficient in the U. S. than Elsewhere High cost of keeping slaves from escaping. GOAL raise the “exit cost.” u Slave patrols. u Southern Black Codes. u Cut off a toe or a foot. Slave Resistance S lave Resistance 1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black man caricature – bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc.]. Slave Resistance S lave Resistance 2. Refusal to work hard. 3. Isolated acts of sabotage. 4. Escape via the Underground Railroad. Runaway Slave Ads R unaway Slave Ads Quilt Patterns as Secret Q uilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted escapees to gather up tools and prepare to flee; the Drunkard Path design, on the right, warned escapees not to follow a straight route. Slave Rebellions Throughout the S lave Rebellions Throughout the Americas Slave Rebellions S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South Gabriel Prosser 1800 1822 Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831 The Culture of Slavery T he Culture of Slavery 1. Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]: * more emotional worship services. * negro spirituals. 2. “Pidgin” or Gullah languages. 3. Nuclear family with extended kin links, where possible. 4. Importance of music in their lives. [esp. spirituals]. Southern Pro­Slavery S outhern Pro­Slavery Propaganda ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online