AntebellumSouth

AntebellumSouth - By Ms Susan M Pojer By Horace Greeley HS...

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Unformatted text preview: By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer By: Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Early Emancipation in the E arly Emancipation in the North Missouri Compromise, 1820 M issouri Compromise, 1820 Characteristics of the C haracteristics of the Antebellum South 1. Primarily agrarian. 2. Economic power shifted from the Economic “upper South” to the “lower South.” “upper 3. “Cotton Is King!” * 1860 5 mil. bales a yr. (57% of total US exports). 4. Very slow development of industrialization. 5. Rudimentary financial system. 6. Inadequate transportation system. Southern Society (1850) S outhern Society (1850) 6,000,000 “Slavocracy” [plantation owners] The “Plain Folk” [white yeoman farmers] Black Freemen 250,000 Black Slaves 3,200,000 Total US Population 23,000,000 Total [9,250,000 in the South = 40%] Southern Population S outhern Population Graniteville Textile Co. G raniteville Textile Co. Founded in 1845, it was the South’s first attempt at industrialization in Graniteville, SC. Southern Agriculture S outhern Agriculture Slaves Picking Cotton S laves Picking Cotton on a Mississippi Plantation Slaves Using the Cotton Gin S laves Using the Cotton Gin Changes in Cotton C hanges in Cotton Production 1820 1860 Value of Cotton Exports V alue of Cotton Exports As % of All US Exports “ Hauling the Whole Week’s Pickings” William Henry Brown, 1842 Slaves Working S laves Working in a Sugar­Boiling House, 1823 Slave Auction Notice, 1823 S lave Auction Notice, 1823 Slave Auction: Charleston, SC­ S lave Auction: Charleston, 1856 Slave Accoutrements Slave Master Brands Slave muzzle Anti­Slave Pamphlet A nti­Slave Pamphlet Slave Accoutrements Slave leg irons Slave shoes Slave tag, SC Distribution of Slave Labor in D istribution of Slave Labor in 1850 Slave­Owning Population (1850) S lave­Owning Population (1850) Slaves posing in front of their cabin on a Southern plantation. plantation. Tara – Plantation Reality or T ara Myth? Hollywood’s Version? A Real Georgia Plantation A Real Georgia Plantation Scarlet and Mammie S carlet and Mammie (Hollywood Again!) A Real Mammie & Her Charge A Real Mammie & Her Charge The Southern “Belle” T he Southern “Belle” A Slave Family A Slave Family The Ledger of John White T he Ledger of John White Matilda Selby, 9, $400.00 sold to Mr. Covington, St. Louis, $425.00 Brooks Selby, 19, $750.00 Left at Home – Crazy Fred McAfee, 22, $800.00 Sold to Pepidal, Donaldsonville, $1200.00 Howard Barnett, 25, $750.00 Ranaway. Sold out of jail, $540.00 Harriett Barnett, 17, $550.00 Sold to Davenport and Jones, Lafourche, $900.00 US Laws Regarding Slavery U S Laws Regarding Slavery 1. U. S. Constitution: * 3/5s compromise [I.2] * fugitive slave clause [IV.2] 2. 1793 Fugitive Slave Act. 3. 1850 stronger Fugitive Slave Act. Southern Slavery­­> An S outhern Slavery­­> An Aberration? 1780s: 1 antislavery society created in Phila. st By 1804: slavery eliminated from last northern state. 1807: the legal termination of the slave trade, enforced by the Royal Navy. 1820s: newly indep. Republics of Central & So. America declared their slaves free. 1833: slavery abolished throughout the British Empire. 1844: slavery abolished in the Fr. colonies. 1861: the serfs of Russia were emancipated. Slavery Was Less Efficient S lavery Was Less Efficient in the U. S. than Elsewhere High cost of keeping slaves from escaping. GOAL raise the “exit cost.” u Slave patrols. u Southern Black Codes. u Cut off a toe or a foot. Slave Resistance S lave Resistance 1. “SAMBO” pattern of behavior used as a charade in front of whites [the innocent, laughing black man caricature – bulging eyes, thick lips, big smile, etc.]. Slave Resistance S lave Resistance 2. Refusal to work hard. 3. Isolated acts of sabotage. 4. Escape via the Underground Railroad. Runaway Slave Ads R unaway Slave Ads Quilt Patterns as Secret Q uilt Patterns as Secret Messages The Monkey Wrench pattern, on the left, alerted escapees to gather up tools and prepare to flee; the Drunkard Path design, on the right, warned escapees not to follow a straight route. Slave Rebellions Throughout the S lave Rebellions Throughout the Americas Slave Rebellions S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South Gabriel Prosser 1800 1822 Slave Rebellions in the Antebellum S lave Rebellions in the Antebellum South: Nat Turner, 1831 The Culture of Slavery T he Culture of Slavery 1. Black Christianity [Baptists or Methodists]: * more emotional worship services. * negro spirituals. 2. “Pidgin” or Gullah languages. 3. Nuclear family with extended kin links, where possible. 4. Importance of music in their lives. [esp. spirituals]. Southern Pro­Slavery S outhern Pro­Slavery Propaganda ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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