GrowthOfTheLaborMovement

GrowthOfTheLaborMovement - Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Horace...

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Unformatted text preview: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Labo r Fo rc e Dis tributio n 1870-1900 The Chang ing Ame ric an Labo r Fo rc e Child Labo r Child Labo r “Galle y Labo r” Labo r Unre s t: 1870-1900 The Mo lly Mag uire s (1875) Ja m e s Mc P a rla n d The Co rpo rate “Bully-Bo ys ”: Pinke rto n Ag e nts Manag e me nt vs . Labo r “Tools” of Tools” Management Management “Tools” of Tools” Labor Labor “scabs” boycotts P. R. campaign Pinkertons sympathy demonstrations informational picketing lockout blacklisting yellow­dog contracts closed shops court injunctions organized strikes open shop “wildcat” strikes A S trike r Co nfro nts a S CAB! Knig hts o f Labo r Terence V. Powderly An injury to one is the concern of all! Knig hts o f Labo r Knig h ts o f La b o r tra d e c a rd Go als o f the Knig hts o f Labo r ù Eight­hour workday. ù Workers’ cooperatives. ù Worker­owned factories. ù Abolition of child and prison labor. ù Increased circulation of greenbacks. ù Equal pay for men and women. ù Safety codes in the workplace. ù Prohibition of contract foreign labor. ù Abolition of the National Bank. The Gre at Railro ad S trike o f 1877 The Gre at Railro ad S trike o f 1877 The To urnam e nt o f To d ay : A S e t-to Be twe e n Labo r and Mo no po ly Anarc his ts Me e t o n the Lake Fro nt in 1886 Haymarke t Rio t (1886) McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. Haymarke t Martyrs Go ve rno r Jo hn Pe te r Altg e ld The Ame ric an Fe de ratio n o f Labo r: 1886 Samuel Gompers Ho w the AF o f L Wo uld He lp the Wo rke rs ù Catered to the skilled worker. ù Represented workers in matters of national legislation. ù Maintained a national strike fund. ù Evangelized the cause of unionism. ù Prevented disputes among the many craft unions. ù Mediated disputes between management and labor. ù Pushed for closed shops. Ho me s te ad S te e l S trike (1892) Homestead Steel Works The Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers B ig Co rpo rate Pro fits ! Atte mpte d As s as s inatio n! Henry Clay Frick Alexander Berkman A “Co mpan y To wn”: Pullman, IL P ullman Cars A Pullman porter The Pullman S trike o f 1894 P re s ide nt Gro ve r Cle ve land If it takes the entire army and navy to If deliver a postal card in Chicago, that card will be delivered! will The Pullman S trike o f 1894 Government by injunction! The S o c ialis ts Eug e ne V. De b s Inte rnatio nal Wo rke rs o f the Wo rld (“Wo bblie s ”) “Big Bill” Haywo o d o f the IWW Violence was justified to overthrow capitalism. I W W & the Inte rnatio nale The Hand That Will Rule t he Wo rld O ne Big Unio n Mo the r Jo ne s : “The Mine r’s Ang e l” Mary Harris. Organizer for the United Mine Workers. Founded the Social Democratic Party in 1898. One of the founding members of the I. W. W. in 1905. Lawre nc e , MA S trike : 1912 The “Bre ad & Ro s e s ” S trike DEMANDS: ù 15¢/hr. wage increase. ù Double pay for overtime. ù No discrimination against strikers. ù An end to “speed­up” on the assembly line. ù An end to discrimination against foreign immigrant workers. Lawre nc e , MA S trike : 1 912 The “Fo rmula ” unions + violence + strikes + socialists + immigrants = anarchists Labo r Unio n Me mbe rs hip “S o lidarity Fo re ve r!” by Ralph Chapin (1915) When the union's inspiration through the workers‘ blood shall run, There can be no power greater anywhere beneath the sun; Yet what force on earth is weaker than the feeble strength of one, But the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong! Co me On and S ing Alo ng !! “S o lidarity Fo re ve r!” Is there aught we hold in common with the greedy parasite, Who would lash us into serfdom and would crush us with his might? Is there anything left to us but to organize and fight? For the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong! “S o lidarity Fo re ve r!” * * * * Through our sisters and our brothers we can make our union strong, For respect and equal value, we have done without too long. We no longer have to tolerate injustices and wrongs, Yes, the union makes us strong! CHORUS: Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, Solidarity forever, For the union makes us strong! Wo rke rs Be ne fits To day The Ris e & De c line o f Org anize d Labo r Rig ht-to -Wo rk S tate s To day Unio nis m & Glo balizatio n? ...
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