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ManifestDestiny - Susan M Pojer Susan Horace Greeley H S...

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Unformatted text preview: Susan M. Pojer Susan Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY Trends in Antebellum America: 1810-1860 1810-1860 1. New intellectual and religious movements. 2. Social reforms. 3. Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in America. 4. Re-emergence of a second party system and more political democratization. 5. Increase in federal power Marshall Ct. decisions. “Manifest Destiny” First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845. ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of selfgovernment A myth of the West as a land of romance and entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to tadventure he “American Progress” by John American Gast, 1872 Gast, The Pony Express The Between April, 1860 and Nov., 1861. Delivered news and mail between St. Louis, MO and San Francisco, CA. Took 10 days. Aroostook “War,” 1839 Aroostook The only war ever declared by a state. Between the Canadian region of New Brunswick and the state of Maine. Cause: The expulsion of Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed area of Aroostook by Maine officials. Congress called up 50,000 men and voted for $10,000,000 to pay for the “war.” General Winfield Scott arranged a truce, and a Maine Boundary Settlement, 1842 1842 Texas Declaration of Independence Independence Key Figures in Texas Independence, 1836 Independence, Sam Houston (1793-1863) Steven Austin (1793-1836) The Republic of Texas The Remember the Alamo! Remember Davey Crockett’s Last Stand Davey The Battle of the Alamo The Overland Immigration to the West West Between 1840 and 1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek westward. The Oregon Trail – Albert The Bierstadt, 1869 Bierstadt, Trails Westward Trails The Doomed Donner Party The April, 1846 – April, 1847 The Doomed Donner Party The CANNIBALISM !! Margaret John Breen Breen James Reed & Wife Patrick Breen Of the 83 members of the Donner Party, only 45 survived to get to California! The Oregon Dispute: 54’ 40º or Fight! Fight! By the mid1840s, “Oregon Fever” was spurred on by the promise of free land. The joint BritishU. S. occupation ended in 1846. The Bear Flag Republic The The Revolt June 14, 1845 John C. Frémont The Slidell Mission: Nov., 1845 Nov., Mexican recognition of the Rio Grande River as the TX-US border. US would forgive American citizens’ claims against the Mexican govt. John Slidell US would purchase the New Mexico Wilmot Proviso, 1846 Wilmot Provided, territory from that, as an express and fundamental condition to the acquisition of any the Republic of Mexico by the United States, by virtue of any treaty which may be negotiated between them, and to the use by the Congr. David Wilmot (D-PA) The Mexican War (1846-1848) (1846-1848) Anti-Catholic Feelings Anti-Catholic General Zachary Taylor at Palo Alto Palo “Old Rough and Ready” The Bombardment of Vera Cruz Cruz Battle of Buena Vista (1847) (1847) General Winfield Scott General Scott Enters Mexico City City “Old Fuss and Feathers” Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848 1848 Nicholas Trist, American Negotiator Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848 1848 The Treaty was basically forced on Mexico! Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio Grande River. Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico. U. S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Results of the Mexican War? Results 1. The 17-month war cost $100,000,000 and 13,000+ American lives (mostly of disease). 2. New territories were brought into the Union which forced the explosive issue of SLAVERY to the center of national politics. * Brought in 1 million sq. mi. of land (incl. TX) 3. These new territories would upset the balance of power between North and South. 4. Created two popular Whig generals who ran for President. Free Soil Party Free Free Soil! Free Speech! Free Labor! Free Men! “Barnburners” – discontented northern Democrats. Anti-slave members of the Liberty and Whig Parties. WHY? Opposition to the extension of slavery in the The 1848 Presidential Election Results Results √ The Mexican Cession The GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill, 1848 GOLD! John A. Sutter California Gold Rush, 1849 California 49er’s Digging for Gold in California Digging Two Views of San Francisco, Early 1850s 1850s By 1860, almost 300,000 people had traveled the Oregon & California Territorial Growth to 1853 Territorial Westward the Course of Empire Westward Emmanuel Leutze, 1860 Expansionist Young America in the 1850s 1850s America’s Attempted Raids into Latin America ...
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