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Unformatted text preview: Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua,
NY Trends in Antebellum America:
1. New intellectual and religious movements.
2. Social reforms.
3. Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in
4. Re-emergence of a second party system and
5. Increase in federal power Marshall Ct.
decisions. “Manifest Destiny” First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845. ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread
to possess the whole of the continent which
has given us for the development of the great
liberty and federaltive development of selfgovernment A myth of the West as a land of romance and
entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to
he “American Progress” by John
Gast, The Pony Express
The Between April, 1860 and Nov.,
1861. Delivered news and mail
Louis, MO and San Francisco,
CA. Took 10 days. Aroostook “War,” 1839
Aroostook The only war ever declared by a state. Between the Canadian region of New
Brunswick and the state of Maine. Cause: The expulsion of Canadian
lumberjacks in the
disputed area of Aroostook by Maine
officials. Congress called up 50,000 men and voted for
$10,000,000 to pay for the “war.” General Winfield Scott arranged a truce, and a Maine Boundary Settlement,
1842 Texas Declaration of
Independence Key Figures in Texas
Independence, Sam Houston
(1793-1863) Steven Austin
(1793-1836) The Republic of Texas
The Remember the Alamo!
Remember Davey Crockett’s Last Stand
Davey The Battle of the Alamo
The Overland Immigration to the
West Between 1840
made the trek
westward. The Oregon Trail – Albert
Bierstadt, Trails Westward
Trails The Doomed Donner Party
The April, 1846 – April,
1847 The Doomed Donner Party
Breen James Reed & Wife Patrick
Breen Of the 83 members of the
Donner Party, only 45
survived to get to
California! The Oregon Dispute: 54’ 40º or
Fight! By the mid1840s,
spurred on by the
promise of free land.
The joint BritishU. S.
1846. The Bear Flag Republic
The The Revolt June 14,
1845 John C.
Frémont The Slidell Mission: Nov., 1845
Nov., Mexican recognition of the
Grande River as the TX-US
border. US would forgive American
claims against the Mexican
John Slidell US would purchase the New
Mexico Wilmot Proviso, 1846
Provided, territory from that, as an
express and fundamental
the acquisition of any the Republic
Mexico by the United States, by
of any treaty which may be
between them, and to the use by
the Congr. David
(D-PA) The Mexican War (1846-1848)
(1846-1848) Anti-Catholic Feelings
Anti-Catholic General Zachary Taylor at
Palo “Old Rough and Ready” The Bombardment of Vera
Cruz Battle of Buena Vista (1847)
(1847) General Winfield Scott General Scott Enters Mexico
City “Old Fuss and Feathers” Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo,
1848 Nicholas Trist,
American Negotiator Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo,
The Treaty was basically forced on
Mexico! Mexico gave up claims to Texas above
Grande River. Mexico gave the U. S. California and
New Mexico. U. S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and
agreed to pay
the claims of American citizens against Results of the Mexican War?
1. The 17-month war cost $100,000,000 and 13,000+
American lives (mostly of disease).
2. New territories were brought into the Union
which forced the explosive issue of SLAVERY to
the center of national politics.
* Brought in 1 million sq. mi. of land (incl.
3. These new territories would upset the balance of
power between North and South.
4. Created two popular Whig generals who ran for
President. Free Soil Party
Men! “Barnburners” – discontented northern
Democrats. Anti-slave members of the Liberty and Whig
Parties. WHY? Opposition to the extension of slavery in the The 1848 Presidential Election
√ The Mexican Cession
The GOLD! At Sutter’s Mill, 1848
GOLD! John A. Sutter California Gold Rush, 1849
California 49er’s Digging for Gold in California
Digging Two Views of San Francisco, Early
1850s By 1860, almost
people had traveled
California Territorial Growth to 1853
Territorial Westward the Course of Empire
Emmanuel Leutze, 1860 Expansionist Young America in the
1850s America’s Attempted Raids into Latin America ...
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