Reconstruction - Ms.SusanM.Pojer Ms.SusanM.Pojer ,NY ,NY Key Questions 1 How do we bring the South back into the back Union Union 2 How do we 2 rebuild

Reconstruction - Ms.SusanM.Pojer Ms.SusanM.Pojer ,NY ,NY...

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Ms. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NYMs. Susan M. PojerMs. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NYHorace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NY
Key Questions1. How do we1. How do webring the Southbring the Southback into the back into the Union?Union?1. How do we1. How do webring the Southbring the Southback into the back into the Union?Union?2. How do we 2. How do we rebuild the rebuild the South after itsSouth after itsdestruction destruction during the war?during the war?2. How do we 2. How do we rebuild the rebuild the South after itsSouth after itsdestruction destruction during the war?during the war?3. How do we3. How do weintegrate andintegrate andprotect newly-protect newly-emancipatedemancipatedblack freedmen?black freedmen?3. How do we3. How do weintegrate andintegrate andprotect newly-protect newly-emancipatedemancipatedblack freedmen?black freedmen?4. What branch4. What branchof governmentof governmentshould controlshould controlthe process ofthe process ofReconstruction?Reconstruction?4. What branch4. What branchof governmentof governmentshould controlshould controlthe process ofthe process ofReconstruction?Reconstruction?
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President Lincoln’s Plan10% Plan*Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction (December 8, 1863)*Replace majority rule with “loyal rule” in the South.*He didn’t consult Congress regarding Reconstruction.*Pardon to all but the highest ranking military and civilian Confederate officers.*When 10% of the voting population in the 1860 election had taken an oath of loyalty and established a government, it would be recognized.
President Lincoln’s Plan1864  “Lincoln Governments” formed in LA, TN, AR*“loyal assemblies”*They were weak and dependent on the Northern army for their survival.
Wade-Davis Bill (1864)Required 50% of the number of 1860 voters to take an “iron clad” oath of allegiance (swearing they had never voluntarily aided the rebellion ).Required a state constitutional convention before the election of state officials.Enacted specific safeguards of freedmen’s liberties.SenatorBenjaminWade(R-OH)CongressmanHenryW. Davis(R-MD)
Wade-Davis Bill (1864)“Iron-Clad” Oath.“State Suicide” Theory [MA Senator Charles Sumner]“Conquered Provinces” Position[PA Congressman Thaddeus Stevens]PresidentPresidentLincolnLincolnPresidentPresidentLincolnLincolnWade-DavisWade-DavisBillBillWade-DavisWade-DavisBillBillPocketVetoPocketVeto
Jeff Davis Under Arrest
13thAmendmentRatified in December, 1865.Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Freedmen’s Bureau (1865)Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.Many former northern abolitionists risked their lives to help southern freedmen.Called “carpetbaggers” by white southern Democrats.
Freedmen’s Bureau Seen Through Southern EyesPlenty to eat and nothing to do.
Freedmen’s Bureau School
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President Andrew JohnsonJacksonian Democrat.Anti-Aristocrat.White Supremacist.Agreed with Lincolnthat states had neverlegally left the Union.Damn the negroes!  I am fighting these traitorous aristocrats, their masters!

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