Reconstruction

Reconstruction - Ms.SusanM.Pojer Ms.SusanM.Pojer...

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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NY Horace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NY Horace Greeley HS   Chappaqua, NY
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Key Questions 1. How do we 1. How do we bring the South bring the South back into the back into the Union? Union? 1. How do we bring the South back into the Union? 2. How do we 2. How do we rebuild the rebuild the South after its South after its destruction destruction during the war? during the war? 2. How do we rebuild the South after its destruction during the war? 3. How do we 3. How do we integrate and integrate and protect newly- protect newly- emancipated emancipated black freedmen? black freedmen? 3. How do we 3. How do we integrate and integrate and protect newly- protect newly- emancipated black freedmen? 4. What branch 4. What branch of government of government should control should control the process of the process of Reconstruction? Reconstruction? 4. What branch of government should control the process of Reconstruction?
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President Lincoln’s Plan 10% Plan * Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction  (December 8, 1863) * Replace majority rule with “loyal rule” in the South. * He didn’t consult Congress regarding Reconstruction. * Pardon to all but the highest ranking military and  civilian Confederate officers. * When 10% of the voting population in the 1860  election had taken an oath of loyalty and established a  government, it would be recognized.
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President Lincoln’s Plan 1864    “Lincoln Governments”  formed  in LA, TN, AR * “loyal assemblies” * They were weak and  dependent on the  Northern army for  their survival.
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Wade-Davis Bill (1864) Required 50% of the number of 1860  voters to take an “iron clad” oath of  allegiance (swearing they had never  voluntarily aided the rebellion ). Required a state constitutional  convention before the election of state  officials. Enacted specific safeguards of  freedmen’s liberties. Senator Benjamin Wade (R-OH) Congressman Henry W. Davis (R-MD)
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Wade-Davis Bill (1864) “Iron-Clad” Oath. “State Suicide” Theory [MA Senator Charles  Sumner] “Conquered Provinces” Position [PA Congressman Thaddeus Stevens] President President Lincoln Lincoln President Lincoln Wade-Davis Wade-Davis Bill Bill Wade-Davis Wade-Davis Bill Pocket Veto Pocket Veto
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Jeff Davis Under Arrest
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13 th Amendment Ratified in December, 1865. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as 
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HISTORY 102 taught by Professor Rotunda during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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Reconstruction - Ms.SusanM.Pojer Ms.SusanM.Pojer...

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