2-1c_amino_acid_biosyn-new

2-1c_amino_acid_biosyn-new - Biosynthesis of amino acids...

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Biosynthesis of amino acids Active site of aspartate aminotransferase showing PMP form of cofactor
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Ability to synthesize amino acids Microorganisms and plants: Able to synthesize all amino acids. Animals: Unable to synthesize certain amino acids, known as essential amino acids. The essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet. Non-essential Essential Conditionally essential Alanine Histidine Arginine Asparagine Isoleucine Aspartate Leucine Cysteine Lysine Glutamate Methionine Glycine Phenylalanine Proline Threonine Serine Tryptophan Tyrosine* Valine *formed from Phenylalanine, which is essential
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Amino acids are formed from α -keto acids by transamination α -keto acid + glutamate amino acid + α -ketoglutarate For the essential amino acids, animals cannot synthesize the corresponding α -keto acid.
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Overview of amino acid biosynthesis
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Amino acids are made from intermediates of the citric acid cycle and other major pathways 2-ketoglutarate glutamate glutamine proline arginine oxaloacetate
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course CHEM 212 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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2-1c_amino_acid_biosyn-new - Biosynthesis of amino acids...

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