ch4 - Chem 31D F07 Lecture Notes Major Classes of Chemical...

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Chem 31D F07 Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) Page 1 of 13 Chem 31D F07 – Lecture Notes Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) I. Reactions in Aqueous Solution A. Type of aqueous reactions Acid-base reactions Oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions Dissolution reactions (solubility of salts) Radical reactions B. Why water? Properties of water – polarity Definitions : Ionic compounds break up into ions in aqueous solution and are called electrolytes. Molecular compounds do not ionize when they dissolve in water and are called nonelectrolytes.
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Chem 31D F07 Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) Page 2 of 13 C. Acid/base reactions 1. Bronsted-Lowry definition Acid: Base: An example of a double displacement (metathesis reaction) 1A. An extension of B-L acids = Arrhenius acids Acid: Base:
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Chem 31D F07 Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) Page 3 of 13 Examples: Predict the product(s) of the following reactions: () HCl aq 3 COO aq NaCH OH aq Na 3 OH aq COOH aq Na CH +→ 3 COO aq HCl aq CH Factors that affect acid/base strength:
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Chem 31D F07 Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) Page 4 of 13 2. Lewis definition Acid: Base: Examples: Fits with B-L definition: Factors that affect acid/base strength:
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Chem 31D F07 Major Classes of Chemical Reactions (Ch. 4) Page 5 of 13 D. Redox reactions
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course CHEM 212 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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ch4 - Chem 31D F07 Lecture Notes Major Classes of Chemical...

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