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DiagnosticApproachestoPneumonia

DiagnosticApproachestoPneumonia - • Suggest the type of...

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Learning Issue: Diagnostic Approaches to Pneumonia Name: Nicole Wood -Medical practitioners will usually diagnose pneumonia by using the patient’s medical history , physical exam , and a chest X-ray. -Based on the medical history and physical exam , they may start treatment right away without doing other tests. -The need for more tests often depends on how severe the symptoms are, the patient’s age, and overall health. -A chest X-ray is almost always done to check for changes in the lungs that may mean pneumonia and to look for other causes of the patient’s symptoms. -A routine chest radiograph for all patients who present with cough is not necessary; chest radiography may be reserved for patients who have other suggestive findings (e.g., fever, tachycardia, oxygen desaturation, or an abnormal lung examination).
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Unformatted text preview: • Suggest the type of organism (bacterial, viral, or fungal) causing pneumonia. • Show complications of pneumonia . • Show conditions that may occur with pneumonia, such as fluid in the chest cavity or a collapsed lung . • Reveal another condition, such as heart failure , lung cancer , or acute bronchitis .-If the patient is very ill, has severe shortness of breath, or has a condition that increases risk (such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ), the patient’s mucus might be examined. Posteroanterior chest radiograph reveals a left upper lobe pneumonia. A variety of organisms can produce this pattern, most commonly S. pneumoniae , H. influenzae , or gram-negative bacilli, but also C. pneumoniae , Mycoplasma , or Legionella sp....
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