Hyperthyroidismtokeepinmind_ - PHYSICAL FINDINGS &...

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Patients with hyperthyroidism generally present with tachycardia, tremor, hyperreflexia, anxiety, irritability, emotional lability, panic attacks, heat intolerance, sweating, increased appetite, diarrhea, weight loss, menstrual dysfunction (oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea). Presentation may be different in elderly patients (see below ). Hyperthyroidism  occurs when the thyroid produces excess thyroid hormone. It is a common  disorder affecting over 2 million Americans, most of whom are women. The symptoms can  range from mild nervousness, weight loss and insomnia to a dangerously fast heart beat, which  can be life-threatening. There are several types of hyperthyroidism, each associated with a different particular cause.  The most common type is  Graves' disease  (also called diffuse toxic goiter), which is possibly a  genetically linked disease, caused by antibodies in the blood which stimulate the thyroid to grow  and produce excess hormone. Other causes of hyperthyroidism include  toxic multinodular  goiter , in which individual thyroid nodule(s) are responsible for excess thyroid hormone  production, a thyroid adenoma  (a nodule within the thyroid gland) that takes control and 
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.

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Hyperthyroidismtokeepinmind_ - PHYSICAL FINDINGS &...

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