peritonitis - Learning Issue Peritonitis Name Michael...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Learning Issue: Peritonitis Name: Michael Holmes efinition Peritonitis is defined as inflammation of the serosal membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and the organs contained therein. Peritonitis is most often caused by introduction of an infection into the otherwise sterile peritoneal environment through organ perforation, but it may also result from other irritants, such as foreign bodies, bile from a perforated gall bladder or a lacerated liver, or gastric acid from a perforated ulcer. Women also experience localized peritonitis from an infected fallopian tube or a ruptured ovarian cyst. Patients may present with an acute or insidious onset of symptoms, limited and mild disease, or systemic and severe disease with septic shock. lassificati Peritoneal infections are classified as primary (ie, from hematogenous dissemination, usually in the setting of immunocompromise), secondary (ie, related to a pathologic process in a visceral organ, such as perforation, trauma, or postoperative), or tertiary (ie, persistent or recurrent infection after adequate initial therapy). Infections in the peritoneum are further divided into generalized (peritonitis) and localized (intra-abdominal abscess). This article focuses on
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.

Page1 / 3

peritonitis - Learning Issue Peritonitis Name Michael...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online