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Unformatted text preview: Learning Issue: Kidney stones (Nephrolithiasis) Name: Jacey Grant Definition ● Caliculi in the kidneys ● Ureterolithiasis is related when the stone passes into the ureter which tend to have more symptoms Etiology ● Elevated levels of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid ● Reduced urinary citrate levels ● Hypercalciuria ● Magnesium and citrate are important inhibitors ● Low fluid intake Pathophys ● Crystals or foreign bodies can act as nidi, upon which ions from the supersaturated urine form microscopic crystalline structures. ● Most contain calcium ● The majority of the rest are from uric acid and crystals from uric acid Epidemiology ● 10% of US population ● Likelihood that a white male will develop stone disease by age 70 is 1 in 8 Symptoms ● May report pain, infection, or hematuria ● With kidneys, only occasionally cause symptoms and if present, are usually moderate and easily controlled ● Passage of stones into the ureter is associated w/ classic renal colic...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.
- Fall '10