MouthManifestationsofVitaminDeficiencies.doc

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LI: Skin/Mouth Manifestations of Vitamin Deficiency By: Daniel Trimble For: Martin Burton Vitamin Deficiency Manifestations Vitamin A Xerosis (Conjunctival dryness) with Bitot signs (small white patches on conjunctiva) Keratomalacia (Ulceration and necrosis of the cornea) Perforation Endophthalmitis Hyperkeratinization Loss of taste Vitamin B6 Mouth Soreness Glossitis Cheilosis (reddened lips and fissures at the angles of the lips) Palor Mildly icteric (pertaining to jaundice) Decreased vibration and position sense Vitamin C Scurvy: Skin, gum bleeding, dry skin, coiling of body hairs: Perifollicular hemorrhages Perifollicular hyperkeratotic papules Petechiae and purpura Bleedings gums Vitamin D Osteomalacia May be associated with rheumatoid arthritis Paget’s disease S/S Vitamin E Areflexia Disturbances in gait Decreased proprioception and vibration
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Unformatted text preview: ● Ophthalmoplegia (paralysis of ocular muscles) Vitamin K ● Bruising ● Bloody gums ● Bloody nose Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) ● Peripheral edema ● Warm extremities mimicking cellulitis ● Neuropathy of motor and sensory nerves with pain ● Paresthesias ● Loss of reflexes ● Nystagmus progressing to ophthalmoplegia Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) ● Cheilosis ● Angular stomatitis ● Glossitis ● Seborrheic dermatitis ● Corneal vascularization Niacin ● Mouth soreness ● Glossitis ● Stomatitis (inflammation of the mouth including lips, tongue, and mucous membranes) ● Dermatitis: Skin lesions are dark, dry and scaling Source: 1. McPhee, SJ, Papadakis, MA, et. al. , CURRENT Medical Diagnosis & Treatment . 49 th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.: 2010: 445, 1042, 1043-1044, 1141-1144....
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.

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