Schistosomiasis.docx

Schistosomiasis.docx - Schistosomiasis parasitic disease...

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Schistosomiasis - parasitic disease caused by blood flukes( trematodes) of the genus Schistosoma - 700 million people are at risk of infection in 76 countries. 3rd most devastating tropical disease in the world, only behind malaria and intestinal helminthiasis. Epidemiology -200,000 deaths/ yr in sub-Saharan Africa. - washing clothes in infested water, children playing in the water and mud are at risk, ~10 million women in Africa have this during pregnancy. prevalence of infection rises with age and peaks at around 15-20 years. worldwide, 1 in 30 people has Schistosoma infection. Urogenital schistosomiasis is considered to be a risk factor for HIV infection, especially in women Disease is not endemic in the US. Pathophysiology become infected when larval forms of the parasite, released by freshwater snails, penetrate their skin during contact with infested water. In the body, the larvae develop into adult schistosomes. Adult worms live in the
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.

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Schistosomiasis.docx - Schistosomiasis parasitic disease...

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