TaperwormCourseObjective.docx - ● The eggs are passed...

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Course Objective: Tapeworm Definition Tapeworms are long, segmented worms of the class Cestoda, which comprise 1 of 3 classes of parasitic worms Etiology Cestodes include the following: Taenia solium Taenia saginata Taenia asiatica [1] Diphyllobothrium Hymenolepis Dipylidium caninum Echinococcus Spirometra Taenia multiceps Symptoms Many cestode infestations are asymptomatic. The organisms may be discovered by patients during defecation with the fecal passage of proglottids. Tapeworms may migrate from the rectum (possibly causing itching) and may be seen on toilet paper or undergarments. symptoms are vague GI complaints of abdominal pain, cramps, anorexia, nausea, diarrhea, weight loss, or malaise. Physical Exam/Signs HEENT Abdomen Rectal Lymph Pathophysiology Typically, a cestode requires one or more intermediate hosts in their life cycle. The life cycle is as follows:
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Unformatted text preview: ● The eggs are passed into the environment from the primary host. ● The eggs are ingested by an intermediate host in which they hatch. ● The larvae enter the tissues of the intermediate host and encyst. ● The primary host ingests the cysts in the flesh of the intermediate host Diagnostic Tests •Perianal and stool examinations can be performed. -If worm infestation is suspected, first consider a stool examination for ova and parasites ● CBC-increased eosinophillia Meds/Treatment Plan ● Anthelmintic drugs act locally to rid the GI tract of worms or systemically to rid the body of the helminth forms that invade organs and tissues ● Albendazole (Albenza)-Decreases ATP production in worm, causing energy depletion, immobilization, and finally death Sources : http :// emedicine . medscape . com / article /786292-overview...
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This note was uploaded on 02/18/2012 for the course PAS 600 - 601 taught by Professor Garrubba during the Fall '10 term at Chatham University.

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TaperwormCourseObjective.docx - ● The eggs are passed...

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