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MetabolicandRespiratoryAcidosisandAlkalosis - Condition...

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Condition Definition Cause Signs and Symptoms Diagnostics Treatment Metabolic Acidosis Increase in plasma acidity as a result of an underlying disease process Acetozolamide Renal failure Diarrhea Hyperaldosteronism Lactic acidosis Ketoacidosis Instestinal fistulas Salicylate poisioning Tinnitus Blurred vision Vertigo Visual disturbance s Photophobi a Palpitations Chest pain Headache Confusion Muscle weakness Bone pain Nausea and vomiting Abdominal pain Diarrhea Low plasma HCO3 level on ABG BUN and Creatinine decreased CBC-increased WBC and severe anemia Urine pH EKG Replace bicarb Return pH to 7.1-7.2 Possible dialysis if from ingestion Give sodium bicarbonate: base deficit X bicarbonate (0.5-0.8) X body weight (kg) Respiratory Acidosis Increased partial pressure of carbon dioxide due to proper ventilation failure Alveolar hypoventilation COPD Severe asthma ALS
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