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Hypo vs. hypernatremia

Hypo vs. hypernatremia - Hyponatremia vs Hypernatremia What...

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Hyponatremia vs. Hypernatremia What: Hyponatremia is a metabolic condition in which there is not enough sodium in the body fluids outside the cells. Plasma sodium concentration less than 135mEq/L, though s/s may not appear until 125. Epi: Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte imbalance in the US seen in general hospital population Et: Can be caused by numerous things including sweating, diarrhea, burns, vomiting and medical conditions including but not limited to congestive heart failure, kidney disease, diarrhea and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH Types: Determined by serum osomolality and volume status Euvolemic hyponatremia -- total body water increases, but the sodium content remains the same i.e hypothyroidism, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH Hypervolemic hyponatremia -- both sodium and water content in the body increase, but water gain is greater i.e CHF, nephrotic syndrome, renal failure Hypovolemic hyponatremia -- water and sodium are both lost from the body, but the
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Hypo vs. hypernatremia - Hyponatremia vs Hypernatremia What...

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