China 3-Bare-Bones

China 3-Bare-Bones - China 3 THE COMING OF BUDDHISM:...

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China 3 THE COMING OF BUDDHISM: MONUMENTS IN ARCHITECTURE, PAINTING, POETRY, AND MUSIC 1600 1045 551 221 206BC -220 AD 618-906 Shang Zhou Qin Han Tang 2 significant philosophical streams (opposite but complementary: 1.Confusism: control through ritual + music 2. Daoism: escape through engagement + with nature) Guqin (qin): instrument that embodied both philosophies 1:order inner self 2. Engage with nature Daoism concept: Importance of being AUDIENT Qin Dynasty: Qin Shi Huang Di (emperor) Picken’s Musical Reconstruction I. Introduction A. Han government was Confucian-based at first B. Chinese people often call themselves “Han ren”—people of the Han C. Some of the art preserved gives us some additional information about this important period of unity in China Slides: China: Han-Tang D. Slide # 1 Han Mirror—Correlation theory/Confucianism E. Slide #2 Example of funerary figures—woman F. Slide #3 Animal, boat G. Slide #4 More funerary figures: houses for spirits of the dead. Provide clues to Chinese architecture H. Slide #5 Funerary figures: successful merchant riding in a chariot I. The most extensive visual records of the period are the sculptured reliefs in Szechuan tombs and the ink rubbings of these reliefs J. Slide #6 Ink rubbing: successful merchant in mansion-gardens&pools. K. Such ostentation in mere commoners infuriated Confucian officials that the government enacted laws against such extravagance L. Slide #7 Vibrance of life M. Slide #8 Funerary figures of acrobats Han Dynasty: Liu Bang (commoner) Maintained many accomplishments of Qin Reinstated Confucianism (rewrote classics) Bureau of music Correlation Theory II. Fall of Han 1
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A. From the fall of the Han in 220 AD to the next unified dynasty in 581 AD, China was ruled by more than two dozens minor dynasties, referred to as the Six Dynasties (220-589) in the South and the Northern Wei (386-535) in the North. B. The collapse of the Han was viewed as a failure of Confucianism to avert catastrophe C. People began to look more favorably towards Daoism—an escapist philosophy D. This shift in thinking helped to prepare the way for Buddhism III. Buddhism in China A. Legend claims that Buddhism was first introduced into China during the reign of Han Ming Di (58-75) after having a dream about a golden man flying into the palace (See La Plante) B. The emperor sent emissaries westward along the Silk Route into Central Asia C. Buddhism was present in small communities during the Han, but did not become a major force until after the fall of the Han—in the Northern Wei D. New influences from India brought a Buddhism that became popular— Amitabha or Pure Land sect taught the doctrine of bodhisattvas—as saving helpers (live with Buddha---Buddha of boundless light in Pure Land after dead) E. Bodhisattvas were popular because they allowed people to find an approachable avenue to spirituality IV. First monuments of Buddhism in China (Read La Plante sections on Chinese Buddhism and Chinese Buddhist art)
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HUM 240 taught by Professor Francescalawson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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China 3-Bare-Bones - China 3 THE COMING OF BUDDHISM:...

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