China 4-Bare-Bones

China 4-Bare-Bones - China 4 A PERIOD OF INTROSPECTION:...

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China 4 A PERIOD OF INTROSPECTION: SONG THROUGH QING 1600 1045 551 221 206BC -220 AD 618-906 960-1279 1368-1644 1260 1368 1644-1911 Shang Zhou Qin Han Tang Song Yuan(mogul) Ming Qing(Manchu) I. Buddhism A. Buddhism lost favor by the end of the Tang. Why???? Xenophobia (fear of foreigners) B. The subsequent period of Song through the Qing might be seen generally as less cosmopolitan than the preceding period that welcomed foreign influences C. It was a period of cultural introspection and redefining native philosophies D. One sect of Buddhism DID survive--Chan II. Chan Reformation of Buddhism—end of Tang A. Because the period towards the end and immediately after the Tang was unstable B. Many Chinese felt the need to eschew foreign ideals and to embrace indigenous Chinese philosophies and ideals C. The Chinese court became increasingly concerned with economic issues, and a pragmatism dominated D. One aspect of Buddhism that DID survive, however, was Chan E. This was a form of Buddhism that combined meditation with personal industry F. One of the earliest manifestations of Chan Buddhism was the work of the 6 th century monk 1. Bodhidharma, Indian monk, established the Shaolin temple on Mt. Song in Henan province 2. 12 th -13 th centuries—Martial arts developed here at this temple G. This became the great sanctuary for the development of Chan, and its later offspring Zen in Japan H. Chan teaches a direct, intuitive discovery of reality I. With Chan—those who know it do not speak and those who speak do not know J. Sounds very similar to a Daoist concept in the Dao De Jing—what can be called the Dao is not the Dao. The goal is to return to nature K. The very reason why Chan survived the persecution of Buddhism was the fact that it was congruent with native Daoist thinking L. In addition, Chan also did not use foreign imagery M. In this reformation of Buddhism, Chan no longer recognized the myriad iconographic images that dominated other forms of Chinese Buddhism 1. Less emphasis on paintings, sculptures N. Without images, there was a loss of foreign aspects—it was perceived as more Chinese and therefore survived the persecution of Buddhism in China during the late Tang period O. Art changed as a result of the moving away from Buddhism in China, becoming more secularized (Why did Chan survive anti-Buddhism in China? 1. Congruent with native Daoism ideas 2. No foreign imagery in art (Buddhism art changed)) III. The Song Dynasty (960-1279)(1. Less cosmopolitan than Tang 2. Culture introspection 3. Redefining of native values 4. One sect of Buddhism did survive---Chan) 1
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A. The Song Dynasty was finally established in 960—after 50 years of instability B. The emperors of the Song were not promoters of military force, so they bribed the “barbarians” into keeping peace C. It was a period of brilliant developments in the visual arts, and military ranks were actually conferred upon artists of special ability D. Technique and aesthetic refinement reached new heights in this dynasty—
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China 4-Bare-Bones - China 4 A PERIOD OF INTROSPECTION:...

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