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China 5-Bare-Bones

China 5-Bare-Bones - China 5 CHINESE MUSIC AND OPERA...

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China 5 CHINESE MUSIC AND OPERA 960-1279 1368-1644 1912 1949 1966-1976 1260 1368 1644-1911 Song Yuan Ming Qing ROC PRC Cultural Revolution I. Key dates in modern Chinese history--Handout II. Chinese Musical Instruments(need to kno A. Begin today’s discussion by reviewing some of the Chinese musical instruments studied thus far B. We have learned about the instrument of the literatus—the one championed by Confucius at the end of the Zhou 1. Slides #2-3 the Qin(Confucianists, Daoists) C. We have also learned about the instruments for ancient ritual music, also beginning in the Zhou dynasty 1. Slides #4-5 Bells 2. Slide #6 Chimes 3. Slide #7 Drum 4. Slide #8 Zither 5. Slide #9 Occarina 6. Slide #10 Striking box 7. Slide #11 Mouth organ 8. Slides #12-13 Ritual orchestras for ancient court—government music D. We have also heard a reconstructed example of one of the ceremonial orchestras of the Tang – 1.orchestra as a diplomatic tool 2. Foreign and native instrument 1. Slide # 14 E. During the course of the cosmopolitan Tang dynasty, many instruments came to China F. By the time of the Song, these instruments had become fully absorbed into Chinese culture, existing alongside native instruments G. Today we will begin by looking at and listening to examples of other examples from the Chinese instrumentarium H. First the native instruments 1. Slides # 15-19 One of the most popular native instruments is the zheng a. A zither, but different from the Qin a. Bigger b. Has bridges c. More like one of the instruments of the ancient ritual orchestra d. More popular, not restricted to the literatus 2. Slide #20 Another native instrument that existing anciently in the ritual orchestra is the sheng 3. Slide #21 Another native instrument is the dizi , a flute with a bamboo membrane over one of the sound holes I. The non-native instruments that came to China during the period of foreign influences 1
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1. Slides #22-23 This is an example known as the hu qin. a. “Hu” indicates foreign b. Bow between strings c. Many different variants 2. Slides #24-25 This is an example of the pi-pa a. Names refers to the playing method b. Descended from Arabic Oud (lute in Europe) 3. Slides # 26-28 This is a yang qin a. “Yang” means foreign b. Came from Persia and Arabic Middle East c. Beaten dulcimers—still found in Europe and North America Sona 4. Slides #29-32 Examples of modern performing groups 5. Slides #33-35 Native Percussion instruments of the operatic orchestra a. Drum b. Gong c. Cymbals 6. Slides # 36-37 Examples of opera actors Play Examples of Chinese Music: Zheng 02 Erhu 03 Pipa 01 Orchestral piece with suona 06 III. Chinese Opera A. Opera in China is a dramatic form that employs music, dance, mime, instrumental music, acrobatics, martial arts B.
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China 5-Bare-Bones - China 5 CHINESE MUSIC AND OPERA...

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