China 6-Bare-Bones

China 6-Bare-Bones - China 6 BETWEEN MUSIC AND LANGUAGE:...

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China 6 BETWEEN MUSIC AND LANGUAGE: HIDDEN DISCOURSES IN CHINESE STORYTELLING 618-906 960-1279 1368-1644 1260 1368 1644-1911 Tang Song Yuan Ming Qing Why didn’t women perform in opera? -Female chastity, but did perform in private venues. Male+female impersonation. I. Review A. Opera important because it embodies all the humanities—literature, music, performing arts B. Region specific C. Highly codified D. Removed from reality E. Opera as a form of poll-taking F. In the film: blurring of lines between life and art; male and female; this life and supernatural. II. Shifting Categories A. In Chinese culture we see fluid, shifting domains B. In ancient Chinese ritual—music is part of ritual and ritual is implied in music C. In philosophy—Confucianism and Daoism are complementary D. In painting—poetry is part of painting; E. In novels— oral storytelling is implied in the written novels, and references to written novels are in orally performed stories F. Relationship between the stage and the page in literature and orature. G. Today I will talk about orature in China H. More fluid domains— music and language I. We will see how language becomes music, and how music becomes language J. Accept Chinese mindset that all these art forms are fluid and inter-related. III. Shuochang (northern narratives, Quyi: Speaking-singing) A. I discovered a variety of delivery styles in Chinese storytelling: over 150 types documented, categorized into 4 groups 1. Straight Speech (pinghualei)(storytelling) 1. Spoken stories 2. Each area has stories in own dialect 2. Comic Routines (xiangshenglei) 1. Comedic performances involving from 1-3 performers 2. Most prominent in the Beijing style, which has become a national form 3. Humorous and satirical 3. Clappertales (kuaibanlei) 1. Rapidly recited verse to accompaniment of wooden, bamboo, bone or metal clappers 2. Usually light and comedic 4. Sung genres (guqulei) 1. Stories sung to musical accompaniment 1
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2. Greatest number of genres in this category—and the greatest variety (extended takes one-shot performances) 3. Further divided into two types a. Extended tales: sung in 2-hour installments over several months; mostly in rural areas b. One-shot performances: 20-minute performance with instrumentalists; urban Shuo: speaking, text, hidden message, vaudeville, tray of tidbits Chang: singing, tune, performance elements IV. Historical Development(重重) A. Bianwen (transformation texts)---Tang, with persecution of Buddhism, no more religious storytelling, but secular storytelling continued B. 10 th century---stories C. 14 th century---novels (read like stories), Dream of Red Chamber---descriptions of storytellers D. 19 th /20 th century---urban narratives E. Late 19 th /20 th ---urban migrations---#need for entertainment #limited time schedules #streamlining upgrading V. Urban Storytelling A. This was a time of urban migration and an explosion of artistic activity
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China 6-Bare-Bones - China 6 BETWEEN MUSIC AND LANGUAGE:...

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