India 2-bare-bones

India 2-bare-bones - Bring Yohannan to class next time!...

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Bring Yohannan to class next time! India 2 EARLY HISTORY: FROM THE VEDIC AGE TO BUDDHISM I. Indus Valley Civilization: Pre-Aryan (ca. 3000-1500 BC) A. Dravidians B. Architectural remains found in two places in modern-day Pakistan 1. Mohenjo-Daro 2. Harappa C. Slides from India-Pre-Aryan Art ( Read La Plante section on these relics) 1. Slide #2: Pot 2. Slides #3, #4: Animal seals 3. Slide #5: Bull 4. Slides #6,#7: Fertility figures 5. Slide #8: Priest II. Aryan invasion—Beginning of the Vedic Age (1500 BC) A. Ca 1500 BC a group of Aryans came to India via Central Asia ( Read La Plante section on Aryan invaders) B. The combination of Aryan and Dravidian elements that became the basis of modern Hinduism is an example of ACCULTURATION. C. Some of the posterity of the Dravidian natives migrated to southern India to the Deccan Plateau (origin of N/S divide until today) III. The Sanskrit Language A. Slide #9: Sanskrit character B. Sanskrit is related to almost all the languages of Europe, including English C. Hindi, India’s modern national language, is written in characters that are derived from written Sanskrit D. The prototypical language was probably spoken in a region NW of the Black Sea about 2500 BC. E. Language migrated to Iran—where the written character for “Iran” actually resembles the Sanskrit character Arya F. Other linguistic relationships: A. Pitar (S) for father—Pater (Latin)—father B. Iras (S) for anger—Ira (Latin)—irate C. Satam (S) for 100—Centum (Latin)—century Another enduring legacy of Aryans—Vedas G. While the priests were literate, the Aryans believed in the power of sound, embodied in speech. H. SOUND WAS AN ASPECT OF THE DIVINE (also relevant in China) 1
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IV. The Vedas A. Despite the fact that there was a written language, the scriptures known as the Vedas were preserved initially through ORAL TRADITION B. Four Vedas—first is the Rig Veda, body of poetry (this is the one you should know for this class) C. Poetry of the Rig Veda was the special responsibility of the top-ranking of the social caste system: Brahman or Brahmin caste D. First evidence of CASTE SYSTEM (Varna) E. So important was the sound of the text that long after the enormously elaborate ritual sacrifices of Vedic religion had been lost, the Vedas continued to be preserved in oral transmission. F.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HUM 240 taught by Professor Francescalawson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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India 2-bare-bones - Bring Yohannan to class next time!...

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