India 3-bare-bones

India 3-bare-bones - I II III India 3 HEYDAY OF INDIAN...

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India 3 HEYDAY OF INDIAN CILIVIZATION: THE GUPTAS I. Introduction A. Every great civilization enjoys certain periods of cultural splendor B. For Europe, the heyday of Greece & Rome; later the Renaissance C. For India, the greatest period was from 320-540 (600) AD, when the Guptas ruled the northern part of the subcontinent D. The foreign invasions and the Kushan Dynasty did bring certain contributions to northern India— 1. Establishing trade routes overland and a 2. Maritime trade as well (Greeks) 3. Solidified Buddhism as a state religion E. Parenthetically…invaders never really penetrated southern India, however F. By the end of the Kushan period, Buddhism began to lose its state support G. The social organization had always been shaped by Brahmansim, and with the end of the Kushans, the Brahmans reasserted themselves II. The Coming of the Guptas A. Power vaccum in northern India in early 4 th century (as before Mauryans) B. New name of Gupta Emperor, Chandragupta I (after Mauryans) 1. Although unclear as to whether he was a direct descendant… 2. Chandragupta I; Samudragupta; Chandragupta II C. Chandragupta I was a military ruler. Slide #19: Map D. Note the territory, capital at Pataliputra (Mauryan capital)—NE part of country. E. The grandson of the founder, Chandragupta II 1. During his reign, India became the most advanced country of its time F. The developments of this empire were best described by a Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to search for authentic Buddhist texts: Fa Xian (401-410 AD) G. Fa Xian traveled through a new kind of India that included devotional cults of Shiva and Vishnu III. Changes in Buddhism A. Changes in Buddhism during the Gupta period. B. Two major sects: Theravada and Mahayana ( Read La Plante on this point ) 1. Mahayana Buddhism was dominant (Buddha was worshipped as a Savior-like image) C. Slide #20: Head of Buddha (wisdom hair, D. Buddha’s image artistically became serene and contemplative (see examples in your book). E. Slide #21: Boddhisattvas (important) (enlightened and alive) 1. A humanism entered Mahayana Buddhism by the appearance of Bodhisattvas 2. Bodhisattvas are beings who could enter Nirvana but have given up this goal to help others F. By the end of the Gupta period, changes that had taken place in Buddhist thought were modifications of Buddhism by Hinduism G. Hindu deities and concepts had been assimilated into Buddhism H. By the end of the Gupta, Hinduism experienced a revival 1
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I. This revival centered around devotion to Vishnu the Preserver and in particular, his avatar (incarnation of a deity), Krishna—the romantic hero of poetry and song J. Hence, this cult of the avatar is similar to the cult of the Bodhisattva in Buddhism —both were expressions of a humanism that brought divinity within the reach of everyday people! IV.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HUM 240 taught by Professor Francescalawson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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India 3-bare-bones - I II III India 3 HEYDAY OF INDIAN...

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