India 4-bare-bon

India 4-bare-bon - India 4 THE LEGACY OF THE MOGULS...

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India 4 THE LEGACY OF THE MOGULS (16 th -18 th centuries) I. Profile of Foreign Invasions A. Aryan Invasion—1500 BC B. Kushan Invasion (end of Mauryan period)—50 AD C. Arabs—first Islamic Invasion-8 th cent. D. Turks, Afghans, Persians—second Islamic Invasion: 11-13 th cent. 1. In 13 th century, founding of the Delhi Sultanate—first Muslim-based empire. 2. Sultanates were Moslem strongholds among the Rajput kings E. Moguls—third Islamic Invasion: 16 th -18 th cent. F. British Invasion: 18 th -20 th cent. G. Relationship between Hinduism and Islam 1. The religious distribution has had important consequences in the arts! II. Origin of the Hindu-Muslim Conflict A. If one pattern persisted throughout India’s long history, it was the repeated subjugation of Indians by foreign forces— and the turnabout conquest of the conquerors by Hinduism B. Muslims devoted their lives to Islam, submitting themselves to God 1. Rigidly monotheistic 2. All men are brothers and equal before God, regardless of class or color C. Hindus, on the other hand, felt that the search for religious truth was a private affair 1. Whether he found it in God, gods or a godless intellectual concept, was of no concern to anyone else. 2. Hinduism was flexible in theology where Islam was not 3. On the other hand, Hinduism insisted that social inequality was the law of the universe 4. If there were such a thing as blasphemy, it would be found in tampering with the social order— 5. The belief that brahmans were superior to all created beings was as sacred to the Hindus as it was repugnant to the Muslims D. These two sets of ideas met in the Mogul empire—one of the most brilliant the world has ever known III. Origins of the Moguls A. The word “Mogul” is the Persian pronunciation of the word “Mongol B. The Mogul dynasty (1526-1707) consisted of a succession of 6 fathers and sons, beginning with Babur, who was descended from 1. Timur (Timur the Lame, because of one short leg, aka Tamerlane ) on one side and Genghis Khan on the other 2. Also distant cousins of the Persian Princes at Herat, who were also Muslims C. Genghis wanted land; Timur was determined to beautify his capital city, Samarkand- from which he terrorized from there to the Mediterranean D. Timur was a Turk as well as a Muslim, and he lived by pillage E. In the century between Timur and his descendant Babur, who became the first Mogul ruler of India, a great culture had developed at Samarkand, which was called Timurid after Timur IV. The Mogul Empire (1526-1707) A. This began the rule of 6 generations of Moguls: 1. Babur (1463-1530) 1
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2. Homayun (1508-1556) 3. Akbar (1542-1605) 4. Jahangir (1569-1627) 5. Shah Jahan (1592-1666) 6. Aurangzeb (1618-1707) B. It was not until Babur’s grandson, Akbar, that the splendors of the Mogul empire developed C. Akbar-- shrewd, intelligent, ambitious, yet sensitive to the conditions of India D. Akbar eventually took over from the Bay of Bengal in the East to Kabul, Afghanistan in the NW, from Lahore in the north to the Deccan in the south.
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India 4-bare-bon - India 4 THE LEGACY OF THE MOGULS...

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