India 5-bare-bones

India 5-bare-bones - India 5 HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC I....

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HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC I. Introduction A. Last time spoke about the social organization of musicians that originated during the Mogul dynasty B. Today we will learn some introductory information about the classical music that was first performed in the courts of the Moguls—and continues to be performed today C. We will look at the jewel known as Hindustani Classical Music of North India D. South Indian music is the other great classical tradition of India— Karnatic/Carnatic. 1. Fascinating to compare the two, but we do not have time in this class E. Instead, we will look only at some aspects of the North Indian tradition— particularly because of its link with Islam (a link we will also discuss next class period) F. This is the music of The Great Tradition (like the caste system—there are hierarchies in music) G. Read the article in the Reader about Indian Classical Music II. Basic Musical Features A. There are three parameters for sound in Indian music and they are hierarchically organized 1. Melody is predominant, characterized by raga (defined momentarily) 2. Meter is second, characterized by tala 3. Drone is third, considered essential to a performance B. Each performance is improvised—a unique event C. Hierarchies in ensembles (caste-like division of responsibilities) 1. Soloist determines everything 2. Sometimes a hint of competition, but always subsidiary 3. Drone is always played by a disciple or an admirer D. Two types of music: vocal and instrumental 1. Vocal—originally the more prominent type; less so today in North, but still prominent in the South a. Vocalist is always the soloist b. One or two types of stringed instruments as the melodic accompaniment c. Drum accompaniment a. Tabla—2 hand-beaten drums b. Pakhavaj—double-headed, hand-beaten drum d. Drone a. Tanbura 2. Instrumental—more prominent today in North Indian Hindustani music a. Soloist (sometimes 2 play—in unison or one after other)
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HUM 240 taught by Professor Francescalawson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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India 5-bare-bones - India 5 HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC I....

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