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India 6-bare-bones

India 6-bare-bones - India 6 QAWWALI HINDUSTANI MUSIC MEETS...

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India 6 QAWWALI: HINDUSTANI MUSIC MEETS ISLAM I. Introduction A. Last time we heard an example of classical Hindustani music from the Great Tradition (Pyramid on board) B. The music we will hear today has been greatly influenced by the sounds, theory and practice of Hindustani music, but it is different C. It is partly reminiscent of the Great Tradition, but also partakes of some of the features of “folk music”, aka the Little Tradition D. And yet, this music is distinct from both the Great and Little E. Qawwali (an Islamic mysticism of the South Asian subcontinent) is the most dominant Sufi musical tradition of South Asia, although not only one F. Where music is a problematic area of culture in orthodox Islam… G. Sufism represents an ALTERNATIVE to orthodox Islam. Music and dance CENTRAL to worship. 1. Gregory Bateson: Steps to An Ecology of Mind —art functions as a corrective H. It is found in northern India and Islamic Pakistan I. As a distinctly Muslim religious genre in primarily Hindu South Asia, Qawwali also has nationalistic repercussions II. Meaning of Qawwali A. Origin of the term 1. Term said to originate from the Arabic word qual : message 2. The message of mystical poetry recited by preachers or qawwal (which means the “one who speaks well”) of the Arab world 3. This tradition of poetic preaching was brought to the Indian subcontinent by Sufi missionaries in 13 th century B. When this poetry (which is sung) came into contact with indigenous Indian music, it transformed into what we know as qawwali. 1. Example of acculturation C. It is a religious performance, blending Indian and Islamic elements D. It has become a dominant form throughout South Asia III. Who are the Qawwals? A. The Qawwals 1. They are hereditary specialists of low caste standing 2. In Qawwali the patrons are the Sufi leaders (Sheikh) who need the services of the Qawwals 3. The Qawwals perform a fundamental service, and yet they are looked down upon 4. Qawwals must perform whenever the Sufi leader demands—or the patrons will admit outside performers 5. Qawwals are organized into communities of brothers known as bradris 6. Women are not secluded from brothers, but are from other males IV. What is the purpose of worship?
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