Japan 3-Bare-Bones

Japan 3-Bare-Bones - I. II. III. Japan 3 JAPAN UNDER...

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Japan 3 JAPAN UNDER MILITARY RULE I. The Muromachi Period (1336-1568) A. The Ashikaga clan seized control of Japan in the 14 th century B. Ashikaga was the name of the clan, while Muromachi was the name of the place in Heian-kyo, the power base. C. Note that the capital moved from Kamakura BACK to Heian-kyo. Why? D. Period referred to either as the Ashikaga or the Muromachi period E. Politically disastrous, factionalism prevailed F. And yet, Japan prospered and the arts flourished G. Japanese sea traders extended Japanese cultural influence to East Asia H. Zen developed as the upper class religion, associated with the shogunate I. Zen monks gained new power as servants of the new military rulers 1. Legal and financial experts 2. Ran leading college in Japan 3. Set up schools 4. All done to compensate for the ignorance of feudal leaders 5. Also adept at commerce, making money for the military govt J. Monks were the “brains” and the shogun represented the military power II. Architecture: Homes of Shoguns A. Shoguns built beautiful villas in Kyoto B. Small square room with built-in low table, shelves for scrolls, small cupboard C. Style became popular—basic for modern architecture today D. The style of building for the shoguns was known as Shinden or “sleeping room” style E. Different buildings were to accommodate different family functions—attached as different wings F. Influenced by Tang Dynasty temples as seen in the wall paintings at Dunhuang G. The most famous villa built by the third shogun, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, was the Kinkaku-ji (Gold Pavilionn) because the two upper stories were covered with gold leaf. 1. Burned in 1950 but later restored 2. Slides of Kinkaku-ji #4-#7 3. Slides of interior of Kinkaku-ji #8-#9 H. The Ginkaku-ji (Silver Pavilion)—shows more architectural restraint 1. Legend: intention to cover it in silver 2. Because of the warfare, silver was never placed on pavilion 3. Slides #10-#13 Buildings 4. Slides #14-#17 Grounds 5. The Ginkakuji was built by the eighth shogun, AshikagaYoshimasa, known as an important patron of the arts 6. Ginkakuji was a retreat for Yoshimasa—a place to meditate 7. Also the scene for the patronage of many art forms 8. For example, the famous tea ceremony had its roots during this period a. Shogun Yoshimasa was first served tea by the curator of his art collection (he was a patron of the arts) 9. Note that Yoshimasa encouraged many arts, such as painting 10. Arts were a corrective to military life III. Paintings (Read La Plante section on these paintings) 1
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A. Paintings flourished—especially landscapes influenced by Song Dynasty painters.
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This note was uploaded on 02/17/2012 for the course HUM 240 taught by Professor Francescalawson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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Japan 3-Bare-Bones - I. II. III. Japan 3 JAPAN UNDER...

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