Japan 4-Bare-Bones

Japan 4-Bare-Bones - Japan 4 FROM FOREIGN INFLUENCES TO A...

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Japan 4 FROM FOREIGN INFLUENCES TO A CLOSED JAPAN I. Introduction: The European Period A. We have fascinating accounts of Europeans who arrived in Japan in the mid 16 th century and stayed through the early years of the 17 th century B. Christian world was split by the pope—Spain and Portugal 1. Japan under “Portuguese” control C. Portuguese traders were the first, and they appreciated the civilized society that treated them better than the Chinese 1. Welcomed because of the silks they brought from China (which was off limits to the Japanese) D. Portuguese Jesuits followed 1. Japanese respected them because they could control the other European traders, and therefore get the Chinese silk they wanted. 2. The Japanese allowed preaching of Christianity in exchange for benefits of trade. E. Portuguese noted that the Japanese were outwardly courteous to everyone F. Also noted that the Japanese were extremely warlike, acknowledging that Japan was a “Country at War.” G. By the end of the 16 th century, a few of the feudal domains had become particularly powerful and threatened to subdue other fiefdoms II. Japanese unity and Christian misisonaries A. Japanese disunity had been advantageous to Christian missionaries, so the desire for Japanese unity at the end of the 16 th century did not bode well for the foreigners in Japan at the time. B. Oda Nobunaga—first ruler to unify Japan 1. He was a single-minded autocrat who used Christian missionaries to his advantage in fighting warlike Buddhist sects C. Hideyoshi, his successor, is considered by many Japanese to be the greatest ruler their nation has ever produced 1. As one of Nobunaga’s leading generals, Hideyoshi was clever in consolidating power through political savvy 2. Enacted strict laws and taxes, but Japan truly prospered D. Open hostility towards the Christian missionaries and the Western nations from which they came by end of 16 th century 1. Japanese learned that the Portuguese and the Spanish had been granted the lands of non-Christians in exchange for spreading Christianity 2. The arrogance about Christians taking over was one of the major concerns of the Japanese E. Eventually the Christian missionaries were thrown out F. Few who remained have been immortalized in a novel, Silence by Endo Shusaku III. Momoyama Period (1573-1615) A. Hideyoshi was not educated, but he wanted to be considered a patron of the arts B. He gathered around him some of the nations leading painters, poets and actors C. Momoyama period, named after one of Hideyoshi’s palaces D. Flamboyance of Hideyoshi and his arts: the arts flourished because the society was prosperous, and because Hideyoshi was flamboyant 1
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1. While not entirely gone, the severe and subtle simplicity of the
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Japan 4-Bare-Bones - Japan 4 FROM FOREIGN INFLUENCES TO A...

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