Japan 7-Bare-Bones

Japan 7-Bare-Bones - Japan 7 INTO THE MODERN WORLD I II III...

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Japan 7 INTO THE MODERN WORLD I. Introduction A. Focus: the important instrumental traditions as they have evolved from their historical roots into the modern world 1.The shakuhachi 2. The shamisen, and 3. The koto B. We will consider the chamber-like quality of Japanese music, the minimalist sensibility. C. Music is the hardest element of culture for the non-native to learn to appreciate. Why? (Noh Drama child/Gagaku child) D. Listen to some sounds that will require effort. According to Elder Groberg, this is a useful skill!! II. Introduction: the Shakuhachi A. Is an end-blown flute made of bamboo with large joints that are more widely spaced than other types of bamboo B. The name is derived from the standard measurement of the instrument 1. Shaku—traditional unit of measure that is about 30 cm 2. Hachi—eight 3. Shakuhachi—1.8 shaku or about 54 cm C. There are four holes in front and one in back for the thumb of the LH D. The mouthpiece is on the top and is cut obliquely on the side away from the player E. By changing the angle of the lips and by partially covering the fingerholes—once can produce a variety of pitches—microtones F. Also produces a variety of techniques resulting in a variety of timbres. HANDOUT III. Historical sketch of Shakuhachi A. Appeared first in the 14 th century when the Xiao came from China B. The golden age for this instrument not till Tokugawa period (1600-1867) C. Time of peace and prosperity when the shogun ruled over a united country (emperor in Kyoto had only nominal power) D. Ironically, “peace” meant trouble for the samurai class E. Samurai enjoyed high status during times of war F. During this period of peace during the Tokugawa period, samurai of lower rank were released from their duties and became ronin—masterless samurai G. Ronin were without means of support, so they tried to do other work—farming, teaching, writing H. One of the most satisfying alternatives was to become a Buddhist priest I. These priests called Komuso—literally “emptiness monks” were ronin who played the shakuhachi J. Costume—large basket-shaped hat made of cane—could see out but protected the wearer’s identity K. These komuso made their mark on the shakuhachi repertoire L. Representatives of the Fuke sect of Buddhism, spread a Zen basis for the playing of shakuhachi 1.In this sect, playing the shakuhachi was used to reach a state of heightened awareness—satori 1
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Japan 7-Bare-Bones - Japan 7 INTO THE MODERN WORLD I II III...

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