BIO - Know the graph. Carrying Capacity, feeding...

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Know the graph. Carrying Capacity, feeding efficiency, preference index, zone surplus, etc. - - the only comprehensive thing we need to review Chapter 15 Wildlife and Wilderness Wilderness Act of 1964: this act established the national Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) and was initially composed of the pre-existing Wilderness and Wild Areas on the national Forests. 1. natural condition 2. untrammeled 3. undeveloped 4. solitude 5. public recreation/science. Wilderness (capital “W”): areas set aside by law and protected . Given a specific name (Uinta Wilderness etc) wilderness (small “w”): is the natural, real world where the fabric of life was and is woven. De facto wilderness: This term refers to yet legally unrecognized wilderness areas where ever they are located. (small w). Wilderness dependent wildlife: Vulnerable to men, species dissapearing like grizzly, lynx, wolverine, mtn sheep etc. Wilderness associated wildlife: Black bear, elk, moose, clark’s nutcracker Wilderness wildlife management: objectives - a very broad perspective is required in order to apply general principles to management of Wilderness wildlife. 1. seek natural distribution 2. allow natural processes to control wilderness (rivers, streams etc) - controversy with the Yellowstone fire 3. as little human influence as
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possible 4. permit viewing/hunting 5. favor the preservation of the rare Principle people in Wilderness movement: - Aldo Leopold: Commanding general of the Wilderness Movement c, crusader for wilderness preservation. Established 1st Wilderness area administratively recognized by the US forest service. - Bob Marshall: organized the Wilderness Society in 1935. Head of Rec for the Forest Service and instituted a system for protecting wildlands on the National Forests. - John Muir (Sierra Club) Preservationist - Pillars of Amercian society - National Audubon Society and the wildlife conservation groups other material: The 4 national services - BLM, NPS, USFWS, USFS Economic Value of Wilderness Lands: Balanced harvest, Recreation, Film, Watershed Protection (Single biggest value) Chapter 16 Wildlife and Water Glaciers dump the most water, not rivers! Drawdown, Resevoir Effect, Zone of Degradation will NOT be on the test Water stress: not distributed evenly.
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76% of planet is water, 97% salt water (oceans), 2% glaciers, 1% of water available is what we can access (aquifers, rivers, and lakes) Oxbow: great wildlife areas. Small lakes or ponds created by slow moving water - billabongs, rapids, or canyons. Breeding is often associated with these areas.
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Delta: Wallace’s Line: A deep trench in the seabed between the Philippines and the Moluccas (a species divide line) in the north, and between Borneo and the Celebes on the south. The line passes between the islands of Bali and Lombok and though the distance is only 32 km between the islands the line separates the Oriental from
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BIO - Know the graph. Carrying Capacity, feeding...

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